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Effect of Garlic and Aged Black Garlic on Hyperglycemia and Dyslipidemia in Animal Model of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

  • Seo, Yeong-Ju (Biohealth Product Research Center, School of Food and Life Science, Institute for Food Sciences, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Inje University) ;
  • Gweon, Oh-Cheon (Department of Hotel Culinary Arts & Bakery, Gyeongnam Provincial Namhae College) ;
  • Im, Ji-Eun (Biohealth Product Research Center, School of Food and Life Science, Institute for Food Sciences, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Inje University) ;
  • Lee, Young-Min (Biohealth Product Research Center, School of Food and Life Science, Institute for Food Sciences, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Inje University) ;
  • Kang, Min-Jung (Biohealth Product Research Center, School of Food and Life Science, Institute for Food Sciences, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Inje University) ;
  • Kim, Jung-In (Biohealth Product Research Center, School of Food and Life Science, Institute for Food Sciences, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Inje University)
  • Published : 2009.03.31

Abstract

Control of hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia is strongly correlated with decreased risk for cardiovascular disease, the most common and fatal diabetic complication. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of garlic and aged black garlic on glycemic control and blood lipid profile in animal model of type 2 diabetes. Three week-old db/db mice (C57BL/Ks, n=21) were fed AIN-93G semipurified diet or diet containing 5% freeze-dried garlic or aged black garlic for 7 weeks after 1 week of adaptation. Fasting serum glucose, insulin, triglyceride, total cholesterol, and HDL-cholesterol and blood glycated hemoglobin were measured. Body weight and food intake of garlic and aged black garlic group were not significantly different from those of the control group. Fasting serum glucose and blood glycated hemoglobin levels were significantly decreased and insulin level was significantly increased in garlic group compared with control group (p<0.05). Consumption of aged black garlic significantly decreased homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and tended to decrease serum glucose. Garlic consumption significantly decreased total cholesterol, while aged black garlic significantly reduced serum total cholesterol and triglyceride and increased HDL-cholesterol levels. These results suggest that garlic exerts hypoglycemic and hypocholesterolemic effect and aged black garlic improved insulin sensitivity and dyslipidemia in db/db mice.

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