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뇌손상 흰쥐에서 기억과 학습훈련이 해마의 신경 성장인자에 미치는 영향

Effects of Memory and Learning Training on Neurotropic Factor in the Hippocampus after Brain Injury in Rats

  • 허명 (광주대학교 작업치료학과) ;
  • 방요순 (광주대학교 작업치료학과)
  • 발행 : 2009.02.28

초록

본 연구는 뇌손상 흰쥐에서 기억과 학습훈련을 통해 인지기능회복과 해마의 신경 성장인자에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 하였다. 뇌손상은 Sprague-Dawley계 흰쥐 36마리를 중대뇌동맥(middle cerebral artery)을 폐색하여 유발하였고, 실험 군들은 3개 군으로 분류하였다; 실험 군 I은 뇌손상유발 군(n=12), 실험 군 II는 뇌손상 유발 후 트레드밀훈련 군(n=12), 실험 군 Ⅲ은 뇌손상 유발 후 기억과 학습훈련 군(n=12)으로 나누었다. 인지기능 검사를 위해 수중모리스미로 습득검사와 파지검사를 실시하였으며, 조직학적 검사는 해마조직의 BDNF(brain-derived neurotrophic factor) 면역조직화학 반응을 관찰하였다. 수중모리스미로 습득 검사(Morris water maze acquisition test)는 시간과 군사이의 교호작용이 유의한 차이가 나타났고(p<.001), III군에서 9일에서 12일째까지 원형도피대를 찾는 시간이 I, II군에 비해 단축되었다. 수중모리스미로 파지검사(retention test)는 군 사이에서도 유의한 차이가 나타났으며(p<.001), 13일째 III군에서 원형도피대가 있었던 사분원에 배회하는 시간이 가장 길었다. 조직학적 검사는 III군에서 7일째 해마조직의 CA1에서 BDNF의 면역조직화학반응이 I, II군에 비해 면역양성반응의 증가를 관찰하였다. 뇌손상 흰쥐에서 기억과 학습훈련이 신경성장인자 발현 변화와 이로 인한 신경연접 가소성의 변화를 통해 인지기능회복에 더 좋은 영향을 주었다.

키워드

기억과 학습훈련;신경 성장인자;해마;뇌손상

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