The Effects of Psychosocial Factors on Life Satisfaction of the Oldest Old

초고령 노인의 삶의 만족에 영향을 미치는 심리사회적 요인들에 관한 연구

  • Lee, In-Jeong (Dept of Social Welfare, Duksung Women's University)
  • 이인정 (덕성여자대학교 사회복지학)
  • Received : 2009.01.16
  • Accepted : 2009.02.02
  • Published : 2009.02.28

Abstract

Little research has been done to understand the dynamics of well-being among the oldest old, although Korea experiences a rapid increase of this population group. This study explored the effects of demographic characteristics, physical condition, stressful life events and worries on life satisfaction of aged 85 and over. The moderating effects of psychosocial resources in buffering the negative effects of the life events and worries on life satisfaction of this group were also examined. The survey data collected from 213 community residing aged 85 and over was used for analyses. Major findings are as follows. First, most frequent stressors of the oldest old were health related problems. Second, greater worries, higher income status, lower level of physical impairment, co-residence with adult children were significantly related to higher life satisfaction of the oldest old. Third, emotional support from adult children as well as self-esteem of the older persons had buffering effects on the relationship between worries and life satisfaction. According to the results, implications for practice and services to increase life satisfaction of the oldest old were discussed.

Keywords

the oldest old;life satisfaction;stressful life events;worries;mastery;self-esteem;social support

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국학술진흥재단