A Study on the Characteristics of Poverty of North Korean Settlers: A Comparison with the South Korean Poor

장기 정착 새터민의 빈곤특성 연구: 남한 빈곤층과의 비교 고찰

  • Received : 2008.09.30
  • Accepted : 2008.11.19
  • Published : 2009.02.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the phenomenon of poverty among North Korean settlers in Korea in terms of its magnitude, the severity, and its determinants by comparing it with the South Korean poor. The data used for this analysis were the second Korean Social Welfare panel data for the South Koreans and the third longitudinal study on North Korean settlers in the South. The average household income of the North Korean settlers reached about 70% of the South Korean counterparts. The percentage of the North Korean households that earn 200% of the poverty line was about the same as the South Koreans, which indicates the improvement of the economic status of the long-term settlers in the South. However, the North Korean settlers below 100% of the poverty line were twice as much , and those under 50% of the poverty line were 8 times more than their South Korean counterparts. Despite the improved economic status of the long-term North Korean settlers in the South, those who still live below the poverty line tend to remain in poverty, which is chronic and severe. The determinants of the North Korean settlers' poverty were identified as age, number of household members in employment, alcohol problem and health satisfaction level. Policy implications were discussed in conclusion.

Keywords

새터민;경제적 적응;빈곤 결정요인

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한반도 평화연구원