Organizational Culture and Community-Centered Social Inclusion Orientation Among Social Service Organizations for People with Disabilities: Focused on Market Orientation As a Mediator

장애인복지기관의 조직문화유형과 지역사회중심사회통합지향성에 관한 연구 : 시장지향성의 매개효과를 중심으로

  • Received : 2008.11.01
  • Accepted : 2009.11.23
  • Published : 2009.02.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of organizational culture types (rational culture, developmental culture, group culture, and hierarchical culture) on Community-Centered Social Inclusion Orientation(COSI) among social service organizations for people with disabilities. More specifically, this study developed and empirically tested two theoretical models where each of organizational culture types were hypothesized to affect COSI either directly or indirectly through market orientation. For data collection, self-administered type questionnaires were mailed to 416 social service organizations for people with disabilities across the nation and 293 responded (response rate: 70.4%) from June 1 to September 22, 2006. For analysis, however, only 263 respondents were used, excluding Independent living centers due to their small size and short history. Structural Equation Modeling was employed for analysis and Full Information Maximum Likelihood was used for estimation. Findings indicated that market orientation had a significant effect on COSI. In addition, developmental culture and hierarchical culture were found to affect COSI directly while rational culture and group culture were found to affect COSI indirectly through market orientation. These findings imply that market orientation needs to be emphasized as a strategy in order to enhance social inclusion orientation for those organizations. Given that all the four types of organizational culture have direct or indirect impacts on COSI, those organizations are also advised to develop the four types of organizational culture harmoniously rather than one single type of organizational culture.

Keywords

Social inclusion;Organizational culture;Market orientation;Social service providers for people with disabilities;Community-centered social inclusion orientation

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국학술진흥재단