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마늘과 한약재 복합물의 항산화 활성 및 고콜레스테롤 급이 흰쥐의 간장 지질 함량에 미치는 영향

Effect of Garlic and Medicinal Plants Composites on Antioxidant Activity and Lipid Levels of Liver in Hypercholesterolemic Rats

  • 발행 : 2009.12.30

초록

마늘과 한약재(결명자, 하수오, 영지 및 산사육) 복합물의 항산화능과 콜레스테롤을 급이한 흰쥐에 이를 급이하였을 때 간장 조직 중 지질 함량에 미치는 영향을 분석하였다. 한약재의 총 페놀 및 플라보노이드 함량은 151.02 mg/100 g 및 43.69 mg/g으로 결명자에서 가장 높았다. 마늘과 한약재 복합물의 전자공여능, 환원력 및 hydroxyl radical 소거능은 마늘 추출물 첨가량이 0.3% 이상일 때 첨가량에 따른 유의적인 차이를 보였다. $\beta$-carotene 존재 시 linoleic acid에 대한 항산화능은 마늘 추출물의 첨가량에 의존적으로 증가되었다. 콜레스테롤을 급이한 흰쥐에 마늘과 한약재 복합물을 급이하였을 때 총 지질의 함량은 대조군에 비해 유의적으로 감소되었으며, 마늘추출물의 0.7%첨가군(G-0.7%)에서 가장 낮았다. 총 콜레스테롤은 대조군에서는 14.95 mg/g이었는데, 마늘과 한약재 복합물 급이 후 11.47~11.86 mg/g으로 대조군에 비해 감소되었다. 중성지방은 마늘 추출물의 0.7% 첨가군에서 46.42 mg/g으로 0.3% 및 0.5%의 마늘 추출물 급이군에 비해 유의적으로 낮은 함량이었다. 마늘과 한약재 복합물 급이군에서 TBARS함량은 0.5~0.7%의 마늘 추출물 급이시 대조군에 비해 약 15.8~17.6% 감소되었다. 항산화능은 마늘 추출물을 0.5% 이상 첨가한 실험군에서 대조군에 비해 유의적으로 높았다. 본 실험결과로 볼 때 마늘과 한약재 복합물의 급이는 콜레스테롤급이 흰쥐의 간장조직의 지질 축적 저하에 효과적이라고 생각되어진다.

키워드

Garlic;medicinal plants;antioxidant;liver lipids

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