An Investigation of the Nutrient Intakes according to the Alcohol Consumption Level in Male Workers

남성 근로자들의 알코올 섭취에 따른 영양소 섭취상태 연구

  • Choi, Sun-Young (Dept. of Home Economics Education/Education Research Institute, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kang, Young-Soon (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kim, Gyeong-Eup (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Park, Mi-Young (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kim, Sung-Hee (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 최선영 (경상대학교 가정교육과/교육연구원) ;
  • 강영순 (경상대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김경업 (경남대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 박미영 (경상대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김성희 (경상대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2009.12.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the anthropometry, nutrient intakes, dietary - related behaviors and health - related behaviors of male workers that were divided according to their alcohol consumption. The mean height, weight and BMI of all subjects were 172.0$\pm$5.8 cm, 67.8$\pm$9.3 kg and 22.9$\pm$2.6 kg/$m^2$, respectively. The WHR was higher in the heavy drinking group than in the other groups(p<0.01), while the other anthropometric indices were not significantly different among the three groups. The calorie intake was highest(p<0.001) in the heavy drinking group(3,270.4$\pm$686.5 kcal), followed by moderate(2,602.8$\pm$415.8 kcal) drinking group and light drinking group(2,341.5$\pm$449.4 kcal). As alcohol consumption increased, there was a decrease in the percent of energy derived from carbohydrates and lipids, while there was an increase in the percent of energy derived from proteins and alcohol(p<0.001). The heavy and moderate drinking groups had a highers intake of protein compared to the light drinking group, and the heavy drinking group had a higher intake of lipid compared to the light and moderate drinking groups(p<0.01). The intakes of vitamin $B_2$, niacin and phosphorus were lower in the moderate group than the other groups(p<0.01). The average MAR(Mean adequacy ratio) was 1.44$\pm$0.35 and the intake of all nutrients, except for folic acid, was much higher than the Korean RI(Recommended intake). The fruit intake frequency and sleeping hours were the lowest in the heavy drinking group(p<0.05) and the subjects preferred the following order of food products when they drink: meat(42.5%), fish & shellfish(30.0%), fruit & vegetable(22.5%) and others(5.0%) as a side dish. The average rates of smoking and exercise for all the subjects were 77.5% and 67.5%, respectively. The results of this study showed that heavy alcohol drinkers were more prone to abdominal obesity and related chronic degenerative diseases, indicating the need for extensive nutritional education for heavy alcohol drinkers.

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