오디 분말을 첨가한 Chiffon Cake의 물리적.관능적 특성

Physical and Sensory Properties of Chiffon Cake Prepared with Mulberry Powder

  • 이영주 (순천대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 심창환 (경민대학 호텔조리과) ;
  • 전순실 (순천대학교 식품영양학과)
  • 발행 : 2009.12.31

초록

Chiffon cakes with 2, 4, 6, 8, or 10% of mulberry powder were made. Specific gravity and batter stability of chiffon cake batter were measured. And moisture content, color, height, weight, texture of chiffon cakes were measured. Consumers also evaluated the chiffon cakes for their liking. Specific gravity of control batter was 0.5 and there were no significant differences between control and chiffon cakes with 2, 4, 6, and 8% of the mulberry powder. The sample with 10% mulberry powder had specific gravity of 0.64 and it was significantly higher compared to the control. Stability of the batters were measured using Turbiscan and the control was the least stable whereas the batter with 2% mulberry powder was the most stable. The moisture content and weight of the cake did not differ between the control chiffon cake and cakes with mulberry powder. The height of the cake was the highest for the control cake at 7.56cm, but the differences between control, and samples with 2, 4, 6, and 8% mulberry powder were not significant. The sample with 10% mulberry powder had lower height of 6.55cm. 'L', 'a', and 'b' values of crust decreased significantly with increased content of mulberry powder. Crumb color('L' and 'b' values) decreased as mulberry powder content increased, while the 'a' value increased. Hardness significantly decreased as mulberry content increased. However, fracturability and springiness did not differ between control and sample cakes. Resilience of the control and sample cakes prepared with 2% mulberry powder were lowest, and resilience increased significantly as the amount of mulberry powder increased beyond 4%. Control cake was preferred overall by consumers, while the color, softness, and flavor of mulberry powder prepared cakes(particularly 2% powder) were specifically preferred. Mulberry flavor and astringency increased as the amount of mulberry powder increased, while sweetness did not change. The intensity of the egg flavor significantly decreased as the amount of mulberry powder increased. Intensity ratings of off-flavor did not differ among control and sample cakes. We recommend the addition of 2~6% mulberry powder to the recipe for chiffon cake.

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