Archaeogenetic Research of Excavated Human Bones from the Ancient Tombs

분묘 유적지 출토 인골에 대한 고고유전학 연구

  • Jee, Sang Hyun (Conservation Science Division, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • Chung, Yong Jae (Department of Conservation Science, The Korean National University of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • Seo, Min Seok (Research Planning Division, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage)
  • 지상현 (국립문화재연구소 보존과학연구실) ;
  • 정용재 (한국전통문화학교 보존과학과) ;
  • 서민석 (국립문화재연구소 연구기획과)
  • Received : 2008.09.12
  • Accepted : 2008.10.10
  • Published : 2008.10.30

Abstract

The paleogenetic analysis has become an increasingly important subject of archaeological, anthropological, biological as well as public interest. Recently, scientific research for human skeletal remains was more activated because of increasing awareness of the valuable archaeological information by the ancient DNA analysis. State of preservation of organic remains vary in different soil and burying environmental condition. Almost all available tissue disappear to analysis ancient DNA of bone in acidic soil caused by climate and geological features in Korea. Many preserved human remains excavated in the 'Heogwakmyo'(limelayered tomb of Chosun Dynasty Period) is able to explain through the relationship between burial conditions and bone survival form the burial method and ceremony. Ancient DNA analysis of excavated human bone form ancient tomb requires to remove contaminants such as microorganism's DNA and soil components that affect authentic results. Particularly, contamination control of contemporary human DNA is major serious problem and should verified by criteria of authenticity. In order to understand migration and culture of ancient population, when possible, ancient DNA studies needs to go abreast both radiocarbon and stable isotope studies because the dietary inferences will suggest ancient subsistence and settlement patterns. Also when the paleogenetic research supported with the arts and humanities research such as physical anthropology and archaeology, more valuable ancient genetic information is providing a unique results about evolutionary and population genetics studies to reconstruct the past.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립문화재연구소