Strategic Orientation of Hospitals in Korea and Their Related Characteristics

우리나라 병원들의 전략지향 및 관련 특성 분석

  • Youn, Hye-Won (Department of Medical Business Administration, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University) ;
  • Shin, Eui-Chul (Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Kim, Ye-Soon (Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Jung, Ki-Taek (Department of Health Service Management, College of Business, Kyung Hee University)
  • 윤혜원 (경희대학교 경영대학원 의료경영학과) ;
  • 신의철 (가톨릭대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 김예순 (가톨릭대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 정기택 (경희대학교 경영대학 의료경영학과)
  • Published : 2008.05.09

Abstract

As healthcare environment being more complex and turbulent, strategic approach of hospitals became more important. This study was to investigate strategic orientation of Korean hospitals and their related characteristics. We surveyed managers of 360 hospitals randomly selected from all hospitals in Korea. For typology of strategic orientation, we used that developed by Miles and Snow, and results are as follows. Firstly, major types of organizational strategic orientation of Korean hospitals were analyzer(42.0%) and prospector(34.0%). Secondly, characteristics affecting to hospitals' strategic orientation significantly were hospital ownership and sex of managers. Medical corporation had a high tendency of prospector strategic orientation by 2.7 times compared to personal ownership. Female managers had a low tendency of prospector strategic orientation by 0.2, which was statistically significant. Though 60+ age group (compared to twenties and thirties) and middle managers (compared to CEO) had a tendency of being more prospector strategic orientation, but insignificant. The study result that majority of strategic orientation were prospector and analyzer reflects Korean hospital environment are complex and unstable. Hospital managers need to more focus on environment and boundary spanning function for maintenance and survival of their organizations.