Variations of Trace Gases Concentrations and Their Relationship with the Air Mass Characteristic at Gosan, Korea

제주도 고산에서의 미량기체 농도변화와 공기괴 특성과의 관계

  • Kim, In-Ae (School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Seoul National University) ;
  • Li, Shan-Lan (School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Kyung-Ryul (School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Seoul National University)
  • 김인애 (서울대학교 지구환경과학부) ;
  • 리선란 (서울대학교 지구환경과학부) ;
  • 김경렬 (서울대학교 지구환경과학부)
  • Published : 2008.10.31


The surface $O_3,\;CO,\;NO_x,\;and\;SO_2$ were measured at Gosan in Jeju Island from May 2004 to April 2005. Over this period, the mean concentrations $({\pm}s.d.)$ of each gas was 40.06 $({\pm}16.01)$ ppbv for $O_3,\;264.92({\pm}115.73)ppbv\;for\;CO,\;1.98({\pm}2.73)ppbv\;for\;SO)_2,\;and\;4.64 ({\pm}3.24) ppbv\;for\;NO_x$. The monthly variations and the diurnal variations of these gases show that the Gosan site is situated in a relatively clean region. However, there were episodic simultaneous peaks in CO and $SO_2$, especially in winter and early spring. Using cluster analysis with air mass back- ward trajectory analysis, we suggest that these episodes are due to the influence of transportation of polluted air mass from polluted regions. In the cluster, which was under the dominant influence of clean maritime air mass, low levels of $O_3,\;CO,\;and\;SO_2$ were observed. The levels of these species were elevated in the other two clusters which had the air mass influenced by polluted continental regions. In addition, ratios of the chemical species such as $CO/NO_x,\;SO_2/NO_x,\;and\;CO/SO_2$ revealed the somewhat different characteristics of emission sources influencing each cluster. The differences in concentration of trace gases among clusters with different origin and transport pathways imply that Gosan is under the effect of pollution transported from other regions.


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