Social Conservative Values and Voters in America - Focusing on Abortion Issue -

미국 사회적 보수주의 가치와 유권자 성향 - 낙태 이슈를 중심으로 -

  • Lee, So Young (Institute of East and West Studies, Yonsei University)
  • 이소영 (연세대학교 동서문제연구원)
  • Received : 2008.11.08
  • Accepted : 2008.12.20
  • Published : 2008.12.30

Abstract

This study examines the effect of social conservative values that have risen as an important factor in American politics. Focusing on the abortion issue, it discusses how the abortion issue has affected American voters' issue and party preferences and their ideological orientations. The empirical results demonstrate that the abortion issue has contributed to reinforce the existing ideological and partisan divisions, although it has not realigned them. As a consequence, the abortion issue has become a significant determinant for vote choice since 1980s. Particularly in 1990s, when the polarization among the political elites became clear, the political effect of the abortion issue appears to be more evident.