Fundamental Relationship between Reduction Rates of Stretch Fabrics and Clothing Pressure

신축성 원단의 축소율과 의복압에 대한 기초 연구

  • Published : 2008.10.31


Clothing pressure is closely connected with the degree of comfort of an athlete's tight-fitting garments. Therefore, the construction of sports garments is very important to the wearer's athletic performance. In this study, the fundamental relationship between the reduction rates of stretch fabrics and clothing pressure was explored with the aim of improving clothing comfort and obtaining a systematic pattern reduction for women's tight-fitting bodysuits. A women's bodysuit pattern was obtained by the draping method using a dressform. The basic pattern was divided into four parts and changed into reduced pattems according to the amount of fabric stretch determined by ASTM D2594. Clothing pressure was measured using an air-pack-type pressure sensor (model AMI 3037-2) at 20 locations (shoulder, 9 locations; bust, 5; and armhole, 6). Among the 15 garments tested, the mean pressure of the A1 bodysuit was 4.60 $gf/cm^2$, and that of the C5 bodysuit was 22.98 $gf/cm^2$. The mean pressures of the bodysuits with reduction rates of 10% and 20% were below 10 $gf/cm^2$, while those of suits with reduction rates of 30%,40%, and 50% (except C5) were below 20 $gf/cm^2$. The pressure at the shoulder was 9.50$\sim$32.24 $gf/cm^2$, which was higher than that at the bust (3.34$\sim$24.56 $gf/cm^2$) and the armhole (0.95$\sim$12.15 $gf/cm^2$). The mean pressures of the 15 bodysuits were divided into five groups using analysis of variance (ANOVA), and were found to be significantly different (p<0.001). Regression analysis afforded the following expression: mean pressure ($gf/cm^2$) = 1.607 + 0.369[reduction rate (%)].


women's bodysuit;clothing pressure;reduction rates of stretch fabrics;pattern reduction


  1. 김순분, 곽명숙, 박채현 (2004) 스트레치 소재를 사용한 현대무용 타이츠팬츠원형 설계, 대한가정학회지, 24(4), 45-54.
  2. 김애린 (2002) 스트레치 소재의 의류패턴 개발에 관한 연구II 성균관대학교 생활과학연구소, 제5호, 17-32.
  3. 김효은, 함옥상 (1994) 동작과 치수에 따른 바디 슈트의 의복압. 한국인간온열환경학회지, 1, 129-138.
  4. 박진아 (2003) Stretch 소재를 사용한 여성용 Bodysuit 원형 설계에 관한 연구, 한국섬유공학회지, 40(6), 562-571.
  5. 이진희, 최혜선, 도월희 (2002) 하의용 시판 신축성 소재의 물리적 특성과 맞음새에 관한 연구-스커트를 중심으로, 한국의류학회, 26(9/10), 1467-1477.
  6. 정연희 (2006) 인체의 3차원 스캔 데이터를 이용한 밀착 바디 슈트 개발, 한국생활과학회지, 15(3), 481-490.
  7. 정연희 (2006) Size Korea 2004의 한국인 인체치수를 이용한 남성용 밀착 팬츠 패턴 개발, 한국생활과학회지, 15(5), 791-802.
  8. 정연희(2008) 인체의 동작을 고려한 스케이트 팬츠 패턴 개발, 한국생활과학회지, 17(1), 115-126.
  9. 천종숙, 석은영, 박순지 (1998) 바지원형설계에 직물의 신축성을 적용하는 방법에 대한 사례연구. 한국의류학회지, 22, 185-191.
  10. 최미성 (2004) 사이클 선수들을 위한 투피스형 사이클복의 패턴개발과 관한 연구, 한국의류학회지, 28(5), 637-647.
  11. 한진이, 조진숙 (2000) 신축성소재 셔츠 블라우스의 여유량에 관한 연구. 한국의류학회지, 24, 289-300.
  12. 川生 (1993) 婦亻服型の衛生學的硏究. 國民衛生, 20, 255-334.
  13. Joseph-Armstrong, P (2000) Pattern marking for fashion design (3rd ed.). Prentice hall.
  14. Takasu, N., Tsukamoto, M., Tokura, H., Sone, Y (2001) Effects of skin pressure by clothing on small bowel transit time. Journal of Physiological Anthropology and Applied Human Science. 20(6), 327-331.
  15. Ziegert, B, Keil, G (1988) Stretch fabric interaction with action wearables: Defining a body contouring pattern system, Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, 6(4), 54-64.

Cited by

  1. 3D Pattern Development of Functional Women's Swimwear To Improve the Appearance and Stability of Chest Region vol.21, pp.2, 2012,
  2. A Study on Based on the Possibility of Quantitative Analysis using Virtual Clothing Simulation according to Raglan Sleeve Pattern Types vol.21, pp.2, 2012,
  3. Functional Underwear Development for Elderly Woman from 3D Body Model applying PCM treatment vol.18, pp.4, 2016,
  4. Development of 3D Life Jackets Made of Neoprene Considering Extension Properties of the Product vol.53, pp.3, 2016,
  5. Regional Skin Maximal Elongation Rate for Appling E-textiles to Tight-Fit Clothing vol.28, pp.3, 2017,
  6. Compression pants with differential pressurization: Kinetic and kinematical effects on stability vol.87, pp.13, 2017,