Toxicity of Firefly, Luciola lateralis(Coleoptera: Lampyridae) to Commercially Registered Insecticides and Fertilizers

애반딧불이(Luciola lateralis)에 대한 살충제와 비료의 독성평가

  • Lee, Ki-Yeol (Chungbuk Provincial ARES, Grape Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Young-Ho (Chungbuk Provincial ARES, Grape Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Wung (Chungbuk Provincial ARES, Grape Research Institute) ;
  • Song, Myung-Kyu (Chungbuk Provincial ARES, Grape Research Institute) ;
  • Nam, Sang-Ho (Dept. of Life Science, Daejeon University)
  • 이기열 (충북농업기술원 포도연구소) ;
  • 김영호 (충북농업기술원 포도연구소) ;
  • 이재웅 (충북농업기술원 포도연구소) ;
  • 송명규 (충북농업기술원 포도연구소) ;
  • 남상호 (대전대학교 생명과학과)
  • Published : 2008.09.30


Toxicity of 10 registered insecticides and 6 fertilizers were tested against $3^{rd}$ larva and adults of Korean firefly, Luciola lateralis Motschulsky(Coleoptera: Lampyridae). All experiments were tested at the recommended concentration of each inescticides by producer. MEP, PAP, Acephate, Fenthion, and Diazinon, which were organophates, a mixtures combined with Burofezin fenobucarb, Cartap buprofezin, and Thiamethoxam(Neonicotinoids), Fipronil(Phenylpyrazoles) showed more 80.0% mortality on larva and adults of L. lateralis. However, tebufenozide(I.G.R) showed low mortality of 33.3%. $LC_{50}$ (ppm) value of Assit, Cartap buprofezin, Fenthion and PAP were showed 1.03 ppm, 1.90 ppm, 10.26 ppm, 0.98 ppm, respectively, against $3^{rd}$ larva of L. lateralis. Effects against eggs showed very high toxicity. Otherwise, tebufenozide(I.G.R) was showed hatchability of 100%. Toxicity of Urea fertilizer, Ammonium sulfate, Potassium chloride, Fused phosphate, Complex fertilizer and Silicate fertilizer were showed the mortality with 27.3%, 56.7%, 73.3%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, respectively, when exposed 72 hrs after treatment.


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