DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Toxicity of Firefly, Luciola lateralis(Coleoptera: Lampyridae) to Commercially Registered Insecticides and Fertilizers

애반딧불이(Luciola lateralis)에 대한 살충제와 비료의 독성평가

  • Lee, Ki-Yeol (Chungbuk Provincial ARES, Grape Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Young-Ho (Chungbuk Provincial ARES, Grape Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Wung (Chungbuk Provincial ARES, Grape Research Institute) ;
  • Song, Myung-Kyu (Chungbuk Provincial ARES, Grape Research Institute) ;
  • Nam, Sang-Ho (Dept. of Life Science, Daejeon University)
  • 이기열 (충북농업기술원 포도연구소) ;
  • 김영호 (충북농업기술원 포도연구소) ;
  • 이재웅 (충북농업기술원 포도연구소) ;
  • 송명규 (충북농업기술원 포도연구소) ;
  • 남상호 (대전대학교 생명과학과)
  • Published : 2008.09.30

Abstract

Toxicity of 10 registered insecticides and 6 fertilizers were tested against $3^{rd}$ larva and adults of Korean firefly, Luciola lateralis Motschulsky(Coleoptera: Lampyridae). All experiments were tested at the recommended concentration of each inescticides by producer. MEP, PAP, Acephate, Fenthion, and Diazinon, which were organophates, a mixtures combined with Burofezin fenobucarb, Cartap buprofezin, and Thiamethoxam(Neonicotinoids), Fipronil(Phenylpyrazoles) showed more 80.0% mortality on larva and adults of L. lateralis. However, tebufenozide(I.G.R) showed low mortality of 33.3%. $LC_{50}$ (ppm) value of Assit, Cartap buprofezin, Fenthion and PAP were showed 1.03 ppm, 1.90 ppm, 10.26 ppm, 0.98 ppm, respectively, against $3^{rd}$ larva of L. lateralis. Effects against eggs showed very high toxicity. Otherwise, tebufenozide(I.G.R) was showed hatchability of 100%. Toxicity of Urea fertilizer, Ammonium sulfate, Potassium chloride, Fused phosphate, Complex fertilizer and Silicate fertilizer were showed the mortality with 27.3%, 56.7%, 73.3%, 0.0%, 0.0%, 0.0%, respectively, when exposed 72 hrs after treatment.

References

  1. Finney, D.J. 1971. Statistical methods in bioassays 2nd ed. London Griffin. 668pp
  2. Miishi, H. 1991. Message from the waterside of Genji-firefly. Singoimainichisinbunsa. Tokyo. 86-118
  3. Kanda, Z. 1933. Study of firefly (1); Life cycle of Genji-firefly (Luciola cruciata). Entomol. 7: 219-239pp
  4. Miyashida, E. 1988. Effects against aerial-spray on insecticides of Luciola lateralis . Japan Public Hygiene J. 35(3): 125-132
  5. SAS Institute. 1991. SAS/STAT user's guide, Ststistics, Version 6.04. SAS Institute, Cary, N. C., USA
  6. Kwon, G.M., Y.I. Lee and K.H. Choi. 1998. Development and prey consumption of phytoseiid mites, Amblyseius womwesleyi, A. fallacis, and Typhlodromus occidentalis under controlled environments. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 37: 53-58
  7. Park, Y.K., K.H. Park, J.B. Joo, K.S. Kyung, B.S. Kim, J.S. Shin, G.H. Ryu, C.H. Bae and K.S. Lee. 2003. Toxicological effects of pesticides on loach in rice paddy. J. Korean Soc. Agric. Chem. Vol. 7(2): 123-130
  8. Lee, K.Y, K.S. Ahn, H.J. Kang, S.K. Park and J.G. Kim. 2003. Effect of Temperature on Reproduction and Development of Firefly, Luciola lateralis (Coleoptera: Lampyridae). Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 42: 217-223
  9. Ohba, N., 1988. Insect of Japan (Genji-firefly). Bunichi-sougou Press. Tokyo. 104-108
  10. Kim, C.W. and S.H. Nam. 1981. Present status of the Korean fireflies and their conservation. Bull. Korean Asso. Conser. Nature, Ser. 3: 311-324
  11. Nagane, D. 1981. Taxonomy of Firefly. Nyusaienchi Press. Tokyo. 93-94
  12. Hadano, O. 1963. Effects of insecticides on 1 nymphal instar of Luciola lateralis at Laboratory experiment. Kushu University Agricaltural Science J. 20(3): 265-268
  13. Nakajima, Y. 1969. Artificial management of Firefly. Kibukeng Biology Education Study J. 16: 60-70
  14. Noh, Y.T., K.M. Baek, I.C. Shin and I.H. Moon. 1990. Propagation of Korean Fireflies, Luciola lateralis Motschulsky. Korean J. entomol. 20:1-9
  15. Kanda, Z. 1934. Study of firefly (1); Life cycle of Luciola cruciata Entomol. 8: 67-73
  16. Ohba, N. 1977. Effects of insecticides on 1 nymphal instar of Genji-firefly. Ann. Rept. Yokosuka City Mus. 23-33