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Analysis on Changes, and Problems in Phonology of Butterflies in Gwangneung Forest

광릉 숲 나비류의 생활주기 변화분석 및 문제점

  • Kwon, Tae-Sung (Division of Forest Ecology, Korea Forest Research Institute) ;
  • Byun, Bong-Kyu (Division of Forest Biodiversity, Korea National Arboretum) ;
  • Kang, Seung-Ho (Korea Beneficial Insect Lab.) ;
  • Kim, Sung-Su (Research Institute for East Asian Environment and Biology) ;
  • Lee, Bong-Woo (Division of Forest Biodiversity, Korea National Arboretum) ;
  • Kim, Young-Kul (Division of Forest Ecology, Korea Forest Research Institute)
  • 권태성 (국립산림과학원 산림생태과) ;
  • 변봉규 (국립수목원 산림생물조사과) ;
  • 강승호 (한국유용곤충연구소(주)) ;
  • 김성수 (동아시아환경생물연구소) ;
  • 이봉우 (국립수목원 산림생물조사과) ;
  • 김영걸 (국립산림과학원 산림생태과)
  • Published : 2008.09.30

Abstract

In order to find phenological change of butterflies due to global warming, we analyzed weekly monitoring data of butterfly at Gwangneung forest in 1958 and 2004. It was tested whether the timing of first flight and mean flight of butterflies in 2004 became earlier due to global warming compared with those in 1958 and whether the duration of flight period became longer. No significant difference was found in timing of first flight and in duration of flight period between 1958 and 2004. Furthermore, species showing delayed timing of mean flight was more abundant than species showing earlier timing of mean flight. Hence, the results do not confirm the predicted changes of phonology due to global warming. We discussed reasons on the non-apparent phenological changes despite the increase of temperature, and the problems and solutions in butterfly study on Korean butterfly fauna in utilization of butterflies as indicator for global warming.

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