Prevalence and Risk Factors for Atopic Dermatitis in Pre-school and School Aged Children

학령전기와 학령기 아동에서의 아토피 피부염 유병률과 위험인자

  • Lee, Yun-Mi (Department of Nursing, Inje University, Research Institute of Geriatric Health) ;
  • Hwang, Seon-Wook (Department of Dermatology, Inje University)
  • 이윤미 (인제대학교 의과대학 간호학과, 노인건강 전략개발 연구소) ;
  • 황선욱 (인제대학교 의과대학 피부과학 교실)
  • Published : 2008.07.31

Abstract

Purpose: This study was done to estimate the prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) and its risk factors for AD in children living in the community. Method: Random samples of 10,236 were selected from 43 kindergarten (1,418) and 57 elementary (8,718) students in K city. Data from 1,079 (kindergarten children) and 7,271 (elementary) students were used in the final analysis. The Korean-translated modified version of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISSAC) questionnaire was used in this cross-sectional survey. Parents answered the survey questionnaire. Results: The lifetime and last 12-month prevalence of AD were 40.15%; 30.86% in kindergarten children and 33.56%; 25.37% in elementary children. The lifetime and last 12-month prevalence of AD diagnosis were 40.8%; 18.68% in kindergarten children and 34.36%; 12.63% in elementary children. The lifetime prevalence of AD treatment was 25.93% in kindergarten children and 22.07% in elementary children. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that risk factors for AD were age, allergic disease, age of house, carpets, pets. Conclusion: The study suggests that prevalence of AD has increased among children in the community. These data can be used to manage possible risk factors that are predictors of childhood AD.