Measuring the Moderating Effect of Food Involvement in the Relationship between Food Choice Motives and Fruit Consumption

음식 선택 동기와 과일 소비의 관계에서 음식 관여의 조절효과 평가

  • Kang, Jong-Heon (Department of Cooking Science, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Jeong, Hang-Jin (Department of Cooking Science, Sunchon National University)
  • 강종헌 (순천대학교 조리과학과) ;
  • 정항진 (순천대학교 조리과학과)
  • Published : 2008.08.31


The principal objective of this study was to assess the effects of food involvement moderating the relationship between food choice motives, including health concerns, weight control and ethical concern, and fruit consumption. A total of 290 questionnaires were completed. Moderated regression analysis was utilized to assess the relationships among variables. The results of the study showed that the results of data analysis also indicated good model fit. The direct effects of health concerns on fruit consumption were statistically significant in Models 1 and 2. However, the direct effects of ethical concern on fruit consumption were statistically significant in Model 3. As had been expected, the interaction of ethical concerns and food involvement exerted a significant effect on fruit consumption in Model 3. However, the interaction of health concern and food involvement, as well as weight control and food involvement exerted no significant effects on fruit consumption. Moreover, ethical concerns about fruit consumption exerted a significant negative effect at the low level and a positive effect at the high level of food involvement, except in cases in which the level of food involvement was medium. The results of this study revealed that fruit marketers should attach importance to the interaction effect of food involvement in order to better understand the elements of market demand and customer loyalty.


Moderating effect;food involvement;fruit consumption;food choice motives;moderated regression analysis


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