R & D Trends on Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cells

직접 개미산 연료전지의 연구동향

  • Kwon, Yongchai (Department of Chemical and Environmental Technology, Inha Technical College) ;
  • Han, Jonghee (Fuel Cell Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, Jinsoo (Department of Chemical Engineering, Green Energy Center, Kyung Hee University)
  • 권용재 (인하공업전문대학교 화공환경과) ;
  • 한종희 (한국과학기술연구원 연료전지센터) ;
  • 김진수 (경희대학교 화학공학과, 그린에너지센터)
  • Received : 2008.11.20
  • Published : 2008.12.10

Abstract

Recently, as a demand for the portable device is surged, there are needs to develop a new fuel cell system for replacing the conventionally used secondary battery. For this purpose, it becomes important to develop direct formic acid fuel cell (DFAFC) that uses formic acid as a fuel. The formic acid can offer typical advantages such as excellent non-toxicity of the level to be used as food additive, smaller crossover flux through electrolyte, and high reaction capability caused by high theoretical electromotive force (EMF). With the typical merits of formic acid, the efforts for optimizing reaction catalyst and cell design are being made to enhance performance and long term stability of DFAFC. As a result, to date, the DFAFC having the power density of more than $300mW/cm^2$ was developed. In this paper, basic performing theory and configuration of DFAFC are initially introduced and future opportunities of DFAFC including the development of catalyst for the anode electrode and electrolyte, and design for the optimization of cell structure are discussed.

Keywords

formic acid;direct formic acid fuel cells;anode catalyst

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