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Changes in Chemical Composition of Korean Red Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) Extract With Alcohol Extraction

  • Shin, Kwang-Soon (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyonggi University) ;
  • Oh, Sung-Hoon (Department of Food and Biotechnology, Ansan College of Technology) ;
  • Kim, Tae-Young (Bionic Trading Corporation) ;
  • Yoon, Brian (Sejong Corporation) ;
  • Park, Sung-Sun (Department of Food and Nutrition, Sungshin Women's University) ;
  • Suh, Hyung-Joo (Department of Food and Nutrition, Korea University)
  • Published : 2008.09.30

Abstract

We extracted red ginseng with various alcohol concentrations and evaluated total carbohydrate, uronic acid, polyphenols compounds and ginsenoside contents, and yields of alcohol extract. The water extraction (0% alcohol extraction) showed a high level of total carbohydrate content. 10% and 20% alcohol extraction showed the highest uronic acid contents (7,978.8 and $7,872.7\;{\mu}g/mL$ of extract, respectively). The efficiency order of the red ginseng extract (RGE) preparations in liberating polyphenols was: $0{\sim}50%$ alcohol${\geq}\;60%$ alcohol> $70{\sim}90%$ alcohol. Solid contents in RGE were decreased with increased alcohol concentration; the same tendency as with the results of total carbohydrate content. Total ginsenoside contents in $20{\sim}50%$ alcohol extracts showed similar levels ($442,962.9{\sim}47,930.8\;{\mu}g/mL$ of extract). Water extraction showed the lowest ginsenoside content ($14,509.4\;{\mu}g/mL$ of extract). The ginsenoside contents at above 60% alcohol were decreased with increased alcohol concentration. Generally, ginsenoside (Rg2, Rg1, Rf, Re, Rd, Rb2, Rc and Rb1) contents were increased with increased alcohol concentrations. However, Rg3 content was decreased with increases in alcohol concentration.

Keywords

red ginseng;ginsenoside;polyphenols;uronic acid;extraction

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