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Characteristics of Groundwater Quality for Agricultural Irrigation in Plastic Film House Using Multivariate Analysis

다변량분석법을 이용한 시설재배지 지하수 수질 특성

  • Kim, Jin-Ho (Division of Environment and Ecology, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Choi, Chul-Mann (Division of Environment and Ecology, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Lee, Jong-Sik (Division of Environment and Ecology, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Yun, Sun-Gang (Division of Environment and Ecology, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Lee, Jung-Taek (Division of Environment and Ecology, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Cho, Kwang-Rae (Gyeonggi-do Agricultural Research & Extension Service) ;
  • Lim, Su-Jung (Gangwon-do Agricultural Research & Extension Service) ;
  • Choi, Seung-Chul (Gangwon-do Agricultural Research & Extension Service) ;
  • Lee, Gyeong-Ja (Chungcheongbuk-do Agricultural Research & Extension Service) ;
  • Kwon, Yeu-Seok (Chungcheongbuk-do Agricultural Research & Extension Service) ;
  • Kyung, Ki-Chon (Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Service) ;
  • Uhm, Mi-Jeong (Jeollabuk-do Agricultural Research & Extension Service) ;
  • Kim, Hee-Kwon (Jeollanam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Service) ;
  • Lee, You-Seok (Jeollanam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Service) ;
  • Kim, Chan-Yong (Gyeongsangbuk-do Agricultural Research & Extension Service) ;
  • Lee, Seong-Tae (Gyeongsangnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Service) ;
  • Ryu, Jong-Su (National Institute of Highland Agriculture)
  • 김진호 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 환경생태과) ;
  • 최철만 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 환경생태과) ;
  • 이종식 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 환경생태과) ;
  • 윤순강 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 환경생태과) ;
  • 이정택 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 환경생태과) ;
  • 조광래 (경기도 농업기술원) ;
  • 임수정 (강원도 농업기술원) ;
  • 최승출 (강원도 농업기술원) ;
  • 이경자 (충청북도 농업기술원) ;
  • 권의석 (충청북도 농업기술원) ;
  • 경기천 (충청남도 농업기술원) ;
  • 엄미정 (전라북도 농업기술원) ;
  • 김희권 (전라남도 농업기술원) ;
  • 이유석 (전라남도 농업기술원) ;
  • 김찬용 (경상북도 농업기술원) ;
  • 이성태 (경상남도 농업기술원) ;
  • 류종수 (고령지농업연구소)
  • Published : 2008.03.31

Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to accumulate the fundamental data representing groundwater of plastic film houses by means of water quality and its multivariate statistical analysis. Groundwater samples were collected in every two years since 2000 to 2004 from total 211 sites. According to the result of water quality analysis, ground water quality was suitable for irrigation purpose averagely. Correlation analysis showed that EC was highest positively correlated with $Mg^{2+}$ to 0.810(p<0.01), 0.776(p<0.01) in April and July, respectively. $NO_3-N$ was highest positively correlated with T-N to 0.794(p<0.01) in October. This result shows that it can lead to a different result even in similar case sometimes. Four factors were extracted through factor analysis in April and July, but five factors were extracted in October. The proportions of cumulative variance by the factor were 64.9, 60.2, and 70.7 in April, July, and October, respectively. The first factor was highly related to anions and cations such as $Ca^{2+},\;Mg^{2+},\;Cl^-,\;{SO_4}^{2-}$, and EC in contrast to that of stream water. According to the cluster analysis, 211 sites are classified into four groups. Common type of ground water quality was shown in group A. The pH and $PO_4-P$ were highest in Group B. The anions and cations were highest in Group C. $COD_{Cr}$ was highest in Group D.

Keywords

Multivariate statistical analysis;Groundwater quality;Factor analysis;Irrigation water

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