Two New Marine Sponges of Genus Halichondria (Halichondrida: Halichondriidae) from Korea

  • Kang, Dong-Won (Department of Biological Sciences, College of Life Science and Nano Technology, Hannam University) ;
  • Sim, Chung-Ja (Department of Biological Sciences, College of Life Science and Nano Technology, Hannam University)
  • Published : 2008.07.31


Two new marine sponges in family Halichondriidae, Halichondria ulleungensis n. sp. and H. hongdoenesis n. sp. are collected from Ulleungdo Island and Hongdo Island, Korea by SCUBA diving during 2003-2004. H. ulleungensis n. sp. is similar to H. corrugata Diaz, Pomponi and van Soest, 1993 in the type of spicule, but it is different in growth form and choanosomal skeleton. The growth form is encrusting, with numerous erected cylindrical tube, comparing with massive-lobate of H. corrugata. The choanosomal skeleton is confused with loosely arranged oxea tract, comparing with densely tracts with many spicules of H. corrugata. H. hongdoenesis n. sp. is similar to H. surrubicunda Hoshino, 1981 in type of spicule and growth form, but this species has two kinds (thick and thin) of oxea.


  1. Hooper, J.N.A., 1996. Revision of the Microcionidae (Porifera: Poecilosclerida: Demospongiae) with description of Australian species. Mem. Queens. Mus., 40: 1-626
  2. Rho B.J. and K.H. Lee, 1976. A survey of marine sponges of Haeundae and its adjacent water. J. Kor. Res. Inst. Better Liv. Ewha Womans Univ., 17: 93-111
  3. Rutzler, K., 1978. Sponges in coral reefs. In Stoddart D.R. and R.E. Johannes, eds., Coral Reefs: Research Methods. Monogr. Oceanogr. Neth. UNESCO, 5: 299-313
  4. Hooper, J.N.A. and W.M. Van Soest, 2002. Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers Press, USA, pp. 1-1101
  5. Kang, D.W. and C.J. Sim, 2008. Two new sponges of the genus Halichondria (Halichondida: Halichondriidae) from Korea. Animal Cells and Systems, 12(1): 65-68
  6. Hooper, J.N.A., S.D. Cook, L.J. Hoobbs and J.A. Kennedy, 1997. Australian Halichondriidae (Porifera: Demospongiae). I. Species from and the Beagle Gulf. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Marine Biological Workshop, Northern Territory, Australia, pp. 1-65
  7. Kim, H.S., B.J. Rho and C.J. Sim, 1968. Marine sponges in south Korea (1). Korean J. Zool., 11(2): 37-48
  8. Diaz, M.C., S.A. Pomponi and R.M.N. van Soest, 1993. A systematic revision of the central West Atlantic Halichondrida (Demospongiae, Porifera). Prat III: Description of valid species. Scient. Mar., 57: 283-306
  9. Hooper, J.N.A., 1994. Guide to sponge collection and identification. Mem. Queensl. Mus., pp. 1-99
  10. Hoshino, T., 1981. Shallow-water demosponges of western Japan I. J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B. Div. 1, 29(1): 47-205

Cited by

  1. A New Species of the Family Halichondriidae (Demospongiae: Halichondrida) from Jeju-do Island, Korea vol.25, pp.2, 2009,
  2. Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Variations and Genetic Relationships among Korean Thais Species (Muricidae: Gastropoda) vol.27, pp.1, 2011,
  3. Two New Marine Sponges of the Genus Halichondria (Halichondrida: Halichondriidae) from Uljin, Korea vol.27, pp.1, 2011,