A Study of Adverse Health Symptoms of Spray Painters Using Isocyanates(HDI)

분사페인트에 의한 이소시안화물의 노출이 건강에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

  • Lee, So-Gil (Discipline of Public Health, University of Adelaide, South Australia) ;
  • Pisaniello, Dino (Discipline of Public Health, University of Adelaide, South Australia) ;
  • Lee, Nae-Woo (Faculty of Safety Engineering, Pukyong National University)
  • Published : 2008.06.30

Abstract

In the manufacturing industries using HDI(hexamethylene diisocyanate) product hardeners, exposure to HDI is common to spray painters in terms of inhalation and dermal or ocular contact. Due to a lack of information for spray painters in automobile and furniture industries, a questionnaire survey was conducted for the prevalence of adverse health symptoms(33 spray painters and an unexposed group n = 91) to assess the importance of personal controls. Despite the small sample size, common health symptoms were reported, such as skin symptoms(dry cracked skin-61% and dermatitis/skin irritation-33%) and respiratory symptoms(phlegm-49%, asthma-21%). In addition, other adverse health symptoms were reported, such as skin rash(12%), cough(39%), shortness of breath with wheezing(30%), chest tightness and difficulty in breathing(30%). No significant eye symptoms were reported. It was founded that the adverse health symptoms reported in this study were related to poor personal work practices and inappropriate PPE use. Therefore, appropriate personal controls like PPE use, work practices, regular training and education are suggested to minimize the risk of health symptoms. In addition, medical examination will also be suggested for individual health effects.

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