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Effects of Salicornia herbacea L. Powder on Making Wheat Flour Bread

함초 분말 첨가가 제빵적성에 미치는 영향

  • Bae, Jong-Yoon (Faculty of Food Technology and Service, Catholic University of Daegu) ;
  • Park, La-Young (Faculty of Food Technology and Service, Catholic University of Daegu) ;
  • Lee, Shin-Ho (Faculty of Food Technology and Service, Catholic University of Daegu)
  • 배종윤 (대구가톨릭대학교 식품외식산업학부) ;
  • 박나영 (대구가톨릭대학교 식품외식산업학부) ;
  • 이신호 (대구가톨릭대학교 식품외식산업학부)
  • Published : 2008.07.31

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the effects of Salicornia herbacea L. on baking properties of white breads. Crude fiber and crude ash contents of Salicornia herbacea L. powder were 70.02% and 25.6%, respectively. Fe and Ca contents of Salicornia herbacea L. were 176 ppm and 1,175 ppm, respectively. The pH of dough with Salicornia herbacea L. powder was similar to that of control. Salinity contents did not show any significantly differences between bread added Salicornia herbacea L. powder and control. L (lightness) and b (yellowness) value of the dough were decreased by the addition of Salicornia herbacea L., but a (redness) value was increased. The volume of dough during fermentation and the baking loss did not show significant difference between treatments and control. The weight of bread was increased by the addition of Salicornia herbacea L. but the volume was not.

함초의 식품에서 활용도를 높이기 위한 기초 연구로서, 함초의 제빵 적성에 대해 검토하였다. 함초 분말의 수분함량은 9.39%, 조회분은 25.60%, 조섬유는 73.02%이었으며, 철분과 칼슘의 함량은 각각 17.6 mg%, 117.5 mg%였다. 반죽의 pH는 함초 분말 첨가에 의해 뚜렷한 값의 차이는 나타나지 않았다. 함초 분말 6.0% 첨가구의 발효능은 대조구보다 다소 낮게 나타났으며, 그 외 함초 첨가구는 대조구보다 높게 나타났다. 굽기 손실률은 함초 분말 0.6% 첨가구를 제외한 나머지 첨가구는 대조구보다 굽기 손실률이 낮게 나타났다. 함초 분말 첨가량이 증가할수록 빵의 무게도 증가하였으나 대조구와 유의적인 차이는 관찰되지 않았다. 반면에 식빵의 부피는 함초 첨가 농도가 증가할수록 감소하였다. 빵 반죽의 색도는 함초 분말의 첨가량이 증가할수록, L값(백색도)과 b값(황색도)은 감소하였고, a값(적색도)은 증가하였다. 함초 분말 첨가 식빵의 기호성은 맛과 풍미, 색의 경우 함초 분말 1.2% 첨가구가 대조구보다 증가하였다. 종합적 기호도는 대조구와 큰 차이를 나타내지 않았다.

Keywords

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