The Study on the Limiting Factor to Determine Available Soil Depth in Korea

우리나라 토양의 유효토심 결정시 저해인자에 관한 연구

  • Hyun, Byung-Keun (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Rim, Sang-Kyu (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Jung, Sug-Jae (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Sonn, Yeon-Kyu (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Song, Kwan-Cheol (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Noh, Dae-Cheol (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Lee, Heob-Seung (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Hyun, Geun-Soo (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Zhang, Yong-Seon (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Hong, Suk-Young (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Park, Chan-Won (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, Lee-Hyun (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Chol, Eun-Young (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology) ;
  • Jang, Byeong-Chun (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology)
  • Received : 2008.08.01
  • Accepted : 2008.10.12
  • Published : 2008.10.30

Abstract

The limiting factors to determine available soil depth were studied with 390 soil series in soil profile description and physicochemical data in Korean soils. The limiting factors were coarse sandy layer, gravel and skeletal layer, hardpan layer, cat clay layer, poorly drained layer, salt accumulated layer and bed rock layer so on. The soils of having limiting factors were 332 soil series, but soils without limiting factors were 58 soil series. Soils with limiting factors were, hardpan 5, slopeness 93, immature soil 29, cinder 5, sandy 42, gravel or skeletal 47, bedrock 19, high salt content 8, poorly drained soil 22, heavy clay 32, sulfate soil 3 and ash soil 27 etc. And the orders of available soil depth were immature > slopeness > ash > heavy clay > sandy > gravel or skeletal > hardpan > cindery > poorly drained > bedrock > acid sulfate soil > salt accumulated soil etc.

Keywords

Available soil depth;Limiting factor;Hardpan layer;Cat clay layer

References

  1. Adams, F. , R.W, Pearson and B.D. Doss. 1967. Relative effects of acid subsoils on cotton yields in field experiments and on cotton roots in growth chamber experiments. Agron. J. 59: 453-456. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1967.00021962005900050022x
  2. Agricultural Science Institute. 1971-1980. The description of soil series. Vol 1-5. (Soil survey material 3)
  3. Cho. Y. K., J. N. Im. and I. S. Jo. 1977. The influence on soybean and yields by soil bulk density. The annual research papers. 19:63-66.
  4. Gerard. C.J, P. Sexton and g. Shaw. 1982. Physical factors influencing soil strength and growth. Agron. J. 74:875-879. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1982.00021962007400050025x
  5. Jung. S. J., J. H. Choi. and R. K. Park. 1979. The study on arable land enragement of Yeongnam region. III. The characteristics and use of hardpan soil (Janweon series) in Cheongdo gun. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 12(2):97-107.
  6. Jung. S. J., S. K. Rim., J. H. Lee., G. S. Hyun., J. Mun. and K. T. Um. 1987. The study on soil characteristics of reclaimed soil in Nayang region. Agricultural paper 29(1):1-6. Kyungsang university
  7. Oh. J. S. and J. N. Im. 1970. The study on soil physical properties of orchard soil. Annual report (Part of plant environment). p71-76.
  8. Rural development adminstration. 1997. Agricultural dictionary. p1278.
  9. Ryu. I. S. 1975. Comparison between phosphorus absorption coefficient and Langmuir adsorption maximum. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 8(1):1-17.
  10. Fehrenbacher, J.B. and R.H. Rust. 1956. Corn root penetration in soils derived from various texture of wisconsin-age glacial till. Soil Sci. 82:369-378. https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195611000-00003
  11. Soil Survey Staff. 1951. Soil Survey Manual. USDA. Handbook 18. p285.
  12. Agricultural Science Institute. 1986. Annual report(Dept. of soils). p9-113.
  13. Noh. D. C., D. H. Kim., K. T. Um., J. H. Chae., K. H. Yoon and Y. S. Lee. 1986. The study on changing of soil chemicophysical properties according to reclaimed years of saline soils. Agricultural papers 28(1):20-27.
  14. Noh. Y. P., E. H. Park and Y. T. Jung. 1984. Study on productivity of immature paddy soils. Annual report of Yeongnam crop experimental station. p405-410.
  15. Shin. J. S and K. T. Um. 1979. Study on P retention of andosols. 24 Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. p19-20
  16. Soil survey division staff. Soil survey manual. USDA. Handbook 18. p135.
  17. Fitzpatrick. E.A. 1971. Pedology. A systematic approach to soil science. Oliver & body. p204-206.
  18. Zinck. J. A. 1987. Physiography and soil. ITC. The Netherlands. p36.
  19. Agricultural Science Institute. 1983. Korean Soils (Soil survey material 9)
  20. Dictionary of soil and fertilizer. 2001. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert.
  21. Ryu. I. S., S. B. An. and C. S. Park. 1973. Studies on the effect of some chemical soil components in relation to rice yield in heavy textured paddy soil developed on alluvial terrace. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. (6)2:89-93.
  22. Thorup, J.T. 1969. pH effect on root growth and water uptake by plants. Agron.J. 61:225-227. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1969.00021962006100020016x
  23. Mun. J. and K. H. Yoon. 1979. The relationship between rice paddy type and criteria of paddy soils and yields. Annual report of agricultural science institute. p151-165.
  24. Jung. Y. S., J. S. Shin and Y. H. Shin. 1976. Study on soil loss of hilly. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 9(1):9-16.
  25. Mengel, D.B. and S.A. Barber. 1974. Rate of nutrient uptake per unit of corn root under field conditions. Agron.J. 66:399-402. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1974.00021962006600030019x
  26. The agriculture dictionary. 1991. Ray V. Herren and Roy L. Donahue. Delmar publishers Inc.
  27. Cho, J. Y., S. Y. Yun. and E. W. Lee. 1986. The Principle of crop cultivation(Singo). Yangmunsa. p147.
  28. Jung. Y. S., J. S. Shin and Y. H. Shin. 1976. Study on soil erodable index in slope land. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 9(2):107-113.
  29. 土壤の事典, 1996. 久馬一剛. 佐久間敏雄et al., 朝倉書店. p491.
  30. An. S. B and I. S. Ryu. 1977. Responses of phosphorus, silicate and organic matter to rice in heavy clay textured paddy soil (Whadong series) developed on alluvial terrace. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 10(4):235-243.
  31. Cho. S. J., C. S. Park. and D. I Eom. 1985. Soils(Samjeong). Yangmunsa. p56-58
  32. Jung. S. J., B. S. Bark., G. S. Jang., B. K. Hyun., and S. K. Rim. 2004. Suitability Class Criteria for Red Pepper Cultivation with Respect to Soil Morphology and Physical Properties. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 37(5): 336-340.
  33. Shin. Y. H and H. O. Kim. 1975. Characteristics of vlacanic ash soils. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 8(3) 113-119.
  34. Um. K. T. and S. J. Jo. 1975. The study on hardpan soils in Korea. (Yeongog series). Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 8(2):45-51.
  35. Whittington. W. J. 1968. Root growth, New York. Plenum Press. p315-317.
  36. Agricultural Science Institute. 1973. Soil survey manual. No 1.
  37. Jung. E. G. 1985. The influence on rice growth by changing specific electrical conductivity and cations in reclaimed saline land. Doctorial paper of Kyungsan university.
  38. Russel, E.W. 1963. Soil condition and plant growth. Longmans. p47-458.
  39. Lowry, F.E, H.M. Taylor and M.G. Huck. 1970. Growth rate and yield of cotton as influenced by depth and bulk density of soil pans. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. Proc. 34:306-309. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1970.03615995003400020034x
  40. Plant nutrition. Dictionary of soil & fertilizer. 1986. Yanghyundang. p266.