Influence of the Cure Systems on Long Time Thermal Aging Behaviors of NR Composites

  • Choi, Sung-Seen (Department of Chemistry, Sejong University) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Chul (Department of Chemistry, Sejong University) ;
  • Lee, Seung-Goo (BK21 FTIT, Department of Advanced Organic Materials & Textile System Engineering, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Joo, Yong-L. (School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Cornell University)
  • Published : 2008.08.31

Abstract

NR composites with different curing systems were aged thermally at 60, 70, 80, and $90^{\circ}C$ for 2-185 days in a convection oven, and the changes in the crosslink density were investigated as a function of the accelerated thermal aging. The overall crosslink densities increased with increasing aging time irrespective of the aging temperatures and curing systems. The changes in crosslink density were enhanced by increasing the aging temperature. The degree of the increased crosslink density was in the following order: "the conventional cure system > the semi-EV system > the EV system". For short term thermal aging, the change in crosslink density with the aging time was complicated, particularly for low temperature aging. The activation energies of the change in crosslink density with thermal aging using the conventional and semi-EV cure systems increased and then remained relatively constant with increasing aging time, whereas that of the specimen with an EV cure system tended to increase linearly. The experimental results were explained by the dissociation of the existing polysulfidic linkages and the formation of new cross links through the crosslinking-related chemicals remaining in the sample.

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