The Present State of Earthquake Hazard for the Apartment Structures in Korea

국내 공동주택의 지진위험도 현황에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Hyeon-Jin (Department of Architectural Engineering, Dankook University) ;
  • Park, Tae-Won (Department of Architectural Engineering, Dankook University) ;
  • Chung, Lan (Department of Architectural Engineering, Dankook University)
  • 김현진 (단국대학교 건축공학과) ;
  • 박태원 (단국대학교 건축공학과) ;
  • 정란 (단국대학교 건축공학과)
  • Published : 2008.12.31


Earthquake is one of the hazard so hard because it is difficult predicted occurred time, scale and characters. Due to a recent Sichuan earthquake in China with a magnitude of 7.8, it is worried about having a major earthquake in Korea peninsula in near future. The earthquake in Kobe, Japan showed that the damages were concentrated on the buildings which were not considered to be protected from the earthquakes. In this study, apartment structures in Korea analyze about earthquake hazard and evaluate seismic performance. Through the this study we have notice of earthquake hazard for apartment structures which live a lot of population of Korea and suppose necessary for seismic retrofit.


  1. Y.S Chung, Y.S. Shin, "Lession from the Hyogoken nanbu earthquake", J. of Korea Concrete Institute, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 4-11, 1995
  2. Website of Korea meterological administration, (
  3. T.W. Park, "Seismic retrofitting and performance evaluation of bearing wall structures", Doctoral thesis, Dankook University, 2005
  4. M.S. Kim, S.C Park, Y.W Kwon, "A study on seismic performance shear wall apartment with piloti or not", Proceeding of the Architectural institute of Korea, pp. 129-132, 2003
  5. Website of Ministry of land, Transport and maritime affairs, (
  6. AIK, Korean Building Code-Structural, KBCS, (KBC-2005), Architectural Institute of Korea, 2005
  7. AIK, "Research on seismic structures and prevention of disasters for Architectural structures", Architectural Institute of Korea, 1987
  8. AIK, "Load calcuation code and for architectural structures", Architectural Institute of Korea, 2000
  9. ATC, "Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Buildings", ATC-40Report, Applied Technology Council, Redwood City, California, 1996
  10. FEMA, "NEHRP Guidelines for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings", FEMA273, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C. Octber, 1997
  11. Y.G. Kim, "Seismic Safety Evaluation of Concrete Gravity Dams Considering Dynamic Fluid Pressure", J. of the Korean Institute of Industrial Safety, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 120-132, 2006
  12. KISTEC, "Evaluation methods for seismic performance of Architectural structures", Korea, Korea infrasturcture safety and technology corporation, 2004
  13. T.W. Park, S.S. Woo, K.Y. Choi, L. Chung "Seismic Performance Preliminary Evaluation Method of Reinforced Concrete Apartments with Bearing Wall system", J. of Korea Concrete Institute, Vol. 19, No.3, pp. 293-300, 2007