Flame Extinguishing Characteristics of Clean Gaseous Agents and Effects of Additives

가스계 청정소화약제의 소화특성과 첨가제에 따른 영향

  • Shin, Chang-Sub (Department of Safety Engineering, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Sung-Min (Department of Safety Engineering, Chungbuk National University)
  • Published : 2008.12.31


Halon was known as a cause of the ozone layer destruction. In 1987, it was designated as one of the ozone-layer-destroying materials in the Montreal Protocol. Therefore substitutes of Halon agent has been developed including inert gas extinguish system, which is one of the most widely used fire extinguishing system. This study intended to increase the efficiency of inert gas extinguishing agent by using inert gas additives. As IG-541 shows high extinguishing power, the experiment was performed to measure the effects of gaseous additives to it. Cup-burner fire extinguishing apparatus was used with n-Heptane fuel. Among many of pure inert gaseous agents, Helium showed the most excellent extinguishing power. When Helium was added to IG-541, fire extinguishing power was increased and the concentration of oxygen in chimney also risen. By adding Helium to IG-541, the effectiveness of inert gas fire extinguishing system is able to be increased.


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