Relationship between Self-efficacy, Depression, Level of Satisfaction and Death Attitude of College Students

대학생의 자아효능감이 우울과 만족도, 죽음태도에 미치는 영향

  • Jo, Kae-Hwa (Department of Nursing, Catholic University of Daegu) ;
  • Lee, Hyun-Ji (Department of Social Welfare, Catholic University of Daegu)
  • 조계화 (대구가톨릭대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 이현지 (대구가톨릭대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Published : 2008.04.30

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship among self-efficacy, depression, life satisfaction and death attitude of college students. Methods: The subjects consisted of 232 college students. Data were collected by self-reported questionnaires, which were constructed to include self-efficacy, depression, satisfaction with life, and death attitude. Data were analyzed by the SPSS/PC WIN. 12.0 program. Results: Death attitude and life satisfaction of college students were significantly different according to frequency of death ideation. Death attitude for college students correlated with self-efficacy, depression, and life satisfaction. The most significant predictor of death attitude for college students was life satisfaction. Conclusion: The above findings indicate that death attitude for college students is influenced by self-efficacy, depression, and life satisfaction. These findings suggest that a death education program to improve life satisfaction and to give a positive attitude toward death is needed for college students.

References

  1. American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association
  2. Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191-215 https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.84.2.191
  3. Bohrnstedt, G., & Knoke, D. (1994). Statistics for social dat analysis (3rd ed.). Itasca, IL: F. E. Peacock Publishers
  4. Burns, J. M., Andrews, G., & Szabo, M. (2002). Depression in young people: what causes it and can we prevent it? The Medical Journal of Australia, 177, S93-96
  5. Cervone, D., Kopp, D. A., Shauman, L., & Scott, W. D. (1994). Mood, self-efficacy and performance standards: Lower moods induced higher standards for performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 499-512 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.67.3.499
  6. Chan, K. L., Tiwari, A., Leung, W. C., Ho, H. W., & Cerulli, C. (2007). Common correlates of suicidal ideation and physical assult among male and female university students in Hong Kong. Violence and Victims, 22, 290-303 https://doi.org/10.1891/088667007780842766
  7. Chung, S. K. (1992). A relational study on attitudes toward death between life satisfaction and values of juveniles. Unpublished master's thesis, Ewha Womens University, Seoul
  8. Collett, L. J., & Lester, D. (1969). The fear of death and the fear of dying. The Journal of Psychology, 72, 179-181 https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.1969.10543496
  9. Cooper, J., & Barnett, M. (2005). Aspects of caring for dying patients which cause anxiety to first year student nurses. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 11, 423-430 https://doi.org/10.12968/ijpn.2005.11.8.19611
  10. Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being. The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. The American Psychologist, 55, 34-43 https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.34
  11. Donald, M., Dower, J., Correa-Velez, I., & Jones, M. (2006). Risk and protective factors for medically serious suicide attempts: a comparison of hospital-based with population-based samples of young adults. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 87-96 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1614.2006.01747.x
  12. Hahn, D. W., Chon, K. K., Tak, J. K., Lee, C. H., & Lee, K. H. (1992). A study on life maladjustment of college students: Based on anxiety, depression and somatization. Paper presented at the meeting of Korean Psychological Association
  13. Hegel, M. T., Dietrich, A. J., Seville, J. L., & Jordan, C. B. (2004). Training residents in problem-solving treatment of depression: a pilot feasibility and impact study. Family Medicine, 36, 204-208
  14. Hong, H. Y. (1995). The relationships of perfectionism, self-efficacy and depression. Unpublished master's thesis, Ewha Womens University, Seoul
  15. Hong, Y. L., Yi, G. E., & Park, H. S. (2000). A structural model for health promotion and life satisfaction of college students in Korea. Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing, 11, 333-346
  16. Jacobs, D. (1991). Suicide understanding and repondin. Madison: International University Press
  17. Jo, K. H., Lee, H. J., & Lee, Y. J. (2005). Types of students'death attitudes majoring in human service area: Q-Methodological approach. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 35, 829-841 https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2005.35.5.829
  18. Kao, S. F., & Lusk, B. (1997). Attitudes of Asian and American graduate nursing students towards death and dying. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 34, 438-443 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7489(97)00038-2
  19. Kim, K. H. (2004). Depression and suicide in Korean adolescents. Korean Journal of Psychological and Social Issues, 10, 55-68
  20. Kim, M. A., & Lim, S. H. (2002). A Q-study on death among nursing students. Keimyung Journal of Nursing Science, 6, 43-54
  21. Kim, M. S., & Lim, J. Y. (2003). The structure of good life and the relationship with subjective well-being among college students: focusing on gender difference. The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology, 8, 83-97
  22. Lee, H. J., & Kim, M. H. (2007). A path model for self-identity and hopelessness to suicidal ideation of college students. Korea Journal of Youth Studies, 14, 243-264
  23. Lee, J. H. (1994). Depressive symptoms in acute and chronic schizophrenic patients. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Chung Ang University, Seoul
  24. Lee, K. H., Kim, H. S., Na, C., Kwon, H. J., Kim, S. H., & Min, B. K. (1983). A study on the death awareness among health care personnels. The Official Journal of Research Institute of Medical Science of Korea, 15, 174-186
  25. Makaremi, A. (2000). Self-efficacy and depression among Iranian college students. Psychological Reports, 86, 386-388
  26. Park, H. S., & Kwon, B. S. (2006). Satisfaction with life and its predictors of college students. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing, 15, 48-56
  27. Pyon, B. K., & Kang, S. K. (2002). A study of adolescents'self-esteem and hostility. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 9, 269-291
  28. Son, M. J. (1984). The mechanism and the effectiveness of emotional imagery. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Korea University, Seoul
  29. Vealey, R. S. (1986). Conceptualization of sport-confidence and competitive orientation: Preliminary investigation and instrument development. Journal of Sport Psychology, 8, 221-246 https://doi.org/10.1123/jsp.8.3.221
  30. Zung, W. W., Richards, C. B., & Short, M. J. (1965). Self-rating depression scale in an outpatient clinic. Futher validation of the SDS. Archives of General Psychiatry, 13, 508-515 https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1965.01730060026004