An Empirical Study on the Safety Climate and Worker's Safe Work Behavior in Semiconductor Industry Related Work Site in Korea

한국 반도체관련 산업의 사업장 안전 분위기와 근로자들의 안전행동에 관한 실증적 연구

  • 정낙경 (호서대학교 벤처전문대학원) ;
  • 김홍 (호서대학교 벤처전문대학원)
  • Published : 2008.04.30


The Semiconductor industry in Korea has achieved a great contribution to the growth of its economy for the last 20 years with its product export ranked to #1 nowadays. However, the working environment in semiconductor industry is always exposed to a potential risk of critical safety issue for workers with many kinds of utilities used such as toxic chemicals, gases, high vacuum and high voltages of electricity. This study is focused on empirical research to find out the factors on safety climate and to examine the relationships of safety climate and safe work behaviour in the work site of Korea semiconductor industry. As a result of simulation, a strong positive relationships and safe work behaviour have been identified in this study. Its result and implications has been discussed and suggested further studies on its limitation from this study.


  1. D. Zohar, 'Safety climate in industrial organizations: theoretical and applied implications', Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 65, No. 1, pp. 96-101, 1980
  2. K.A. Brown, P.G. Willis and G.E. Prussia, 'Predicting safe employee behavior in steel industry: development and test of a sociotechnical model', Journal of the Operations Management, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 445-465, 2000
  3. W.Y. Lee, 'Influence of job insecurity, organizational commitment, and safety climate behavior and accidents - Predictive accident model on Korean national railroad-', Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Dept. of Psychology, Graduate School of Korea University, 2004
  4. Ministry of Labor, 'Statistical analysis on the industrial disasters in Korea, 2006', Ministry of Labor, Republic of Korea, 2007
  5. D. Zohar, 'Safety climate in industrial organizations: theoretical and applied implications,' Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 65, No. 1, pp. 96-101, 1980
  6. A. Neal, M.A. Griffin and P.M.. Hart, 'The impact of organizational climate on safety climate and individual behavior', Safety Science, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 99-109, 2000
  7. I. Donald and D. Canter, 'Employee attitudes and safety in the chemical industry', Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 203-208, 1994
  8. S.I. Choi and H. Kim, 'A study on the safety climate and worker's safe work behavior in construction site', Journal of The Korean Society of Safety, Vol. 21, No. 5, pp. 60-71, 2006
  9. A.I. Golden, S.G. Clarke and E.F. Mckenna, 'Human Safety and Risk Management 2nd ed.', Boca Raton, London; New York; Taylor & Francis, pp. 220-221, 2006
  10. D.C. Seo, M.R. Torabi, E.H. Blair and N.T. Ellis, 'A cross-validation of safety climate scale using confirmatory factor analytic approach', Journal of Safety Research Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 427-445, 2004
  11. M. O'Toole, 'The relationship between employees' perception of safety and organizational culture', Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 33, No. 2 pp. 231-243, 2002
  12. K.Y. Ahn, 'The relationship among safety motivation, antecedents and employee safety participation in SME', Journal of Korea Small Business Institute, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 155-179, 2003
  13. S. Mohamed, 'Safety climate in construction site environment', Journal of Construction Engineering Management, Vol. 128, No. 5, pp. 375-384, 2002