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Effect of Nematicide-dipping Methods for the Control of Aphelenchoides fragariae in Strawberry

살선충제 침지처리에 의한 딸기잎선충 방제

  • Published : 2008.03.30

Abstract

Effects of different application of nematicides (fosthiazate 5% G, ethoprophos 5% G, and diazinon 34% EC) for the control of Aphelenchoides fragariae in strawberry were evaluated in a greenhouse experiments. Mother strawberry (Fragaria grandiflora) cv. Yeohong were dipped in solution of nematicides (fosthiazate or ethoprophos at 2.5 g a.i./liter in $20^{\circ}C\;or\;46^{\circ}C$) for 10 min. and planted in a greenhouse for dipping treatment. For the compare, mother strawberry were dipped in hot water for 10 min. without chemicals. For soil treatment, fosthiazate or ethoprophos at 3 kg a.i./ha were mixed into soil. For foliar spray, diazinon at 3.4 g a.i./liter was sprayed at foliage until runoff. At 40, 80, and 100 days after planting, runners were harvested from each treatment and the rate of nematode infestation and the number of nematodes per plant were examined. After 100 days of planting, mother strawberry plants dipped in fosthiazate solution (2.5 g a.i./liter, $20^{\circ}C$) for 10 min. produced more number of healthy runners and reduced % of infected runner as much as 90% and also had fewer nematodes per runner. Fosthiazate was more effective than ethoprophos. Foliar application of diazinon was reduced A. fragariae populations only in early season. Hot water treatment and nematicide soil treatment were less effective.

Keywords

Aphelenchoides fragariae;Diazinon;Ethoprophos;Fosthiazate;Hot water treatment;Runner;Strawberry

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