Insecticidal Activities and Repellent Effects of Plant Extracts against the Brown Planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stäl)

벼멸구에 대한 식물추출물의 살충활성과 기피효과

Kim, Yeon-Kook;Lee, Jong-Jin;Choi, Man-Young

  • Published : 2008.03.30


Methanol extracts of 35 plant species in 20 families were tested for their insecticidal activities and repellent effects against Nilaparvata lugens female adult by topical application and spray methods. The insecticidal activities and repellent effects of variousplant species and parts were different. The methanol extracts from stem of Garcinia xanthochymus, Senecio scandens and Phytolacca americana, seedcoat of Ginkgo biloba, and leaf+stem of Ailanthus altissima and Catalpa ovata showed potent insecticidal activities against N. lugens. Specially, the G. biloba extract exhibited higher than 90% mortality against N. lugens at a concentration of 4,000 ppm. Repellent effects of plant extracts obtained from whole plant of Daucus carota, fruit of Semecarpus anacardium, leaf+stem of C. ovata and Wisteria sinensis were active, and potent. Also, the plant extracts that are potent in insecticidal activity not necessarily have high repellent activity showing no significant corelation between the two activities.


Nilaparvata lugens;Plant extract;Insecticidal activity;Repellent activity


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