Insecticidal Activities and Repellent Effects of Plant Extracts against the Brown Planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stäl)

벼멸구에 대한 식물추출물의 살충활성과 기피효과

  • Kim, Yeon-Kook (Faculty of Biological Resources Science, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Jong-Jin (Faculty of Biological Resources Science, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Choi, Man-Young (Applied Entomology Division, Agricultural Biology Department, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology)
  • 김연국 (전북대학교 농업생명과학대학 생물자원과학부) ;
  • 이종진 (전북대학교 농업생명과학대학 생물자원과학부) ;
  • 최만영 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 농업생물부 농업해충과)
  • Published : 2008.03.30


Methanol extracts of 35 plant species in 20 families were tested for their insecticidal activities and repellent effects against Nilaparvata lugens female adult by topical application and spray methods. The insecticidal activities and repellent effects of variousplant species and parts were different. The methanol extracts from stem of Garcinia xanthochymus, Senecio scandens and Phytolacca americana, seedcoat of Ginkgo biloba, and leaf+stem of Ailanthus altissima and Catalpa ovata showed potent insecticidal activities against N. lugens. Specially, the G. biloba extract exhibited higher than 90% mortality against N. lugens at a concentration of 4,000 ppm. Repellent effects of plant extracts obtained from whole plant of Daucus carota, fruit of Semecarpus anacardium, leaf+stem of C. ovata and Wisteria sinensis were active, and potent. Also, the plant extracts that are potent in insecticidal activity not necessarily have high repellent activity showing no significant corelation between the two activities.


  1. Ahn, Y.J. and K.Y. Cho. 1992. Establishment of bioassay system for developing new insecticides 1. Effects of organic solvents on the toxicity against insect, phytotoxicity and solubility of compounds. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 31: 182-189
  2. Arnason, J.T., B.J. Philogene and P. Morand. 1989. Insecticides of plant origin. 213pp. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington
  3. Chon, S.U., D.I. Kim and Y.S. Choi. 2003. Assessments on insecticidal and fungicidal activities by aerial part extracts from several compositae plants. Kor. J. Weed Sci. 23: 81-91
  4. Harborne, J,B. 1993. Introduction to ecological biochemistry (4th ed.). Academic Press, London
  5. Kwon, D.J., J.H. Park, M. Kwon, J.Y. Yoo and Y.J. Koo. 1999. Effect of wormwood ethanol extract on human intestinal microorganism. Kor. J. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 27: 102-106
  6. Kwon, M. 1993. Isolation of insecticidal and acaricidal component from the Ginkgo biloba leaves. Seoul National University. p. 62
  7. Mathivadhani, P., P. Shanthi and P. Sachdanandam. 2003. Effect of Semecarpus anacardium Linn. Nut Milk Extract on Glutathione and Its Associated Enzymes in Experimentally Induced Mammary Carcinoma. J. Med Food. 9: 265-9
  8. Matsubara, H. 1972. On the influence of organic solvent upon the lethal toxicity and knockdown speed of p,p-DDT emulsion against larvae of the common house mosquito, Culex pipens pallens Coqui. Botsu-Kagaku 37: 129-135
  9. Park, I.K., J.D. Park, C.S. Kim, S.C. Shin, Y.J. Ahn, S.C. Park and S.G. Lee. 2002. Insecticidal and acaricidal activities of domestic plant extracts against five major arthropod pests. Korean J. Pesticide Sci. 6: 271-278
  10. Schmutterer, H. 1980. Natural pesticides from the neem tree. Proc. 1st Int. Neem Conference. pp. 33-59
  11. Vinutha, B., D. Prashanth, K. Salma, S. Sreeja, D. Pratiti, R. Padmaja, S. Radhika, A. Amit, K. Venkateshwarlu and M. Deepak. 2006. Screening of selected Indian medical plants for acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity. J. Ethnopharmacol. 109: 359-363
  12. Dyck, V.A. and B. Thomas. 1979. The brown planthopper problem. Brown planthopper: Threat to rice production in Asia. IRRI. 3-17
  13. Kim, D.I., J.D. Park, S.G. Kim, H. Kuk, M.S. Jang and S.S. Kim. 2005. Screening of some crude plant extracts for their acaricidal and insecticidal efficacies. J. Asia-Pacific Entomol. 8: 93-100
  14. Ha, C.G., D.G. Lee and S.C. Kang. 2000. Antibacterial activities of edible plant extracts against strawberry spoiling bacteria Staphylococcus sp. Korean J. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 15: 226-231
  15. Heinlichs, F.A. and O. Mochida. 1984. From secondary to major pest status: The case of insecticide-induced rice brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens. Protection Ecology 7: 201-218
  16. Kwon, M., S.B. Lee, Y.J. Ahn, N.J. Park and K.Y. Cho. 1994. Insecticidal and acaricidal activities of plant extracts. Agricul. Chem. Biotech. 37: 492-497
  17. Thornber, C.W. 1970. Alkaroids of Menispeumaceau. Phytochem. 9: 157-187
  18. Kim, Y.O., J.D. Johnson and E.J. Lee. 2005a. Phytotoxicity of phytolacca americana leaf extracts on the growth, and physiological response of cassia mimosoides. J. Chem. Ecol. 31: 2963-2974
  19. Hiremath, I.G., Y.G. Ahn, S.I. Kim, B.R. Choi and J.R. Cho. 1995. Insecticidal and acaricidal of afican plant extracts against the brown planthopper and two-spotted spider mite. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 34: 200-205
  20. Nickavar, B., G. Amin and M. Yosefi. 2004. Volatile constituents of the flower and fruit oils of Pittosporum tobira (Thunb.) Ait. grown in Iran. Z. Naturforsch. 59: 174-176
  21. Miyakada, M. 1986. The search for new insecticidal and fungicidal compounds from plants. J. Pesticide Sci. 11: 483-492
  22. SAS. 1988. SAS user's guide; Basics. Statistical Analysis System Institute. Cary, North Carolina, USA
  23. Kim, Y.O., J.D. Johnson and E.J. Lee. 2005b. Phytotoxic effects and chemical analysis of leaf extracts from three phytolaccaceae species in south Korea. J. Chem. Ecol. 31: 1175-1186
  24. Chen, C.C., W.H. Ku and R.J. Chiu. 1978. Rice wilted stunt and its transmission by the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stal). Plant Prot. Bull. (Taiwan) 20: 376
  25. Bae, S.H. and M.D. Pathak. 1966. A mirid bug Cyrtorhinus lividipenus Reuter, a predator of the eggs and nymphs of the brown planthopper. IRRI Newsl 15: 33-36
  26. Cho, K.Y., J.J. Ahn and Y.J. Ahn. 1987. Establishment of bioassay system for developing new insecticides. Ministry of Science and Technology. pp. 501-844
  27. Kwon, O.K., S.K. Lim, D.S. Choi and S.H. Kyung. 1998. Synthetic method and insecticidal activity of ricinine. Korean J. Pestic. Sci. 2: 18-23
  28. Reissig, W.H., E.A. Heinlichs and S.L. Valencia. 1982. Insecticide -induced resurgence of brown planthopper, on plant protection in tropical and subtropical areas. Bull. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 18: 14-17
  29. Alkofahi, A. 1989. Search for new pesticides from higher plants, pp. 25-43. In Insecticides of plant origin (Ed. J. T. Amason), ACS Symp. Ser. No. 387, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington, D.C.
  30. Choi, J.K. 2006. Potent larvicidal components from outer seedcoat of Ginkgo biloba (L.) against Ochlerotatus togoi (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae. Ph. D. Dissertation, Chonbuk National University. p. 71
  31. Ling, K.C. 1972. Rice virus diseases. Intermational Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippnes 134pp

Cited by

  1. Insecticidal activity of five Chinese medicinal plants against Plutella xylostella L. larvae vol.13, pp.3, 2010,
  2. Insecticidal activities of Ginkgo biloba seed coat extracts against Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) vol.42, pp.3, 2012,
  3. Insecticidal Activities of Tussilago farfara Extracts against Culex pipiens pallens and Tetranychus urticae vol.41, pp.3, 2014,
  4. In vitro acaricidal properties of Semecarpus anacardium fruit and Datura stramonium leaf extracts against acaricide susceptible (IVRI-I line) and resistant (IVRI-V line) Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus vol.101, 2015,