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Evaluation of Insecticidal Activity of Plant Extracts against Three Insect Pests

식물추출물의 채소류 주요 해충에 대한 살충력 평가

  • Park, Jong-Ho (Organic Farming Technology Division, National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Ryu, Kyung-Yul (Organic Farming Technology Division, National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Jee, Hyeong-Jin (Organic Farming Technology Division, National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Lee, Byung-Mo (Organic Farming Technology Division, National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Gho, Hyeon-Gwan (Organic Farming Technology Division, National Institute of Agricultural Science & Technology, Rural Development Administration)
  • 박종호 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 친환경농업과) ;
  • 류경열 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 친환경농업과) ;
  • 지형진 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 친환경농업과) ;
  • 이병모 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 친환경농업과) ;
  • 고현관 (농촌진흥청 농업과학기술원 친환경농업과)
  • Published : 2008.03.30

Abstract

Insecticidal activity of 20 plant species against adults of Myzus persicae, female adults of Tetranychus urticae, and $2^{nd}\;or\;3^{rd}$ instar larvae of Plutella xylostella was evaluated in this study. Thirteen plant extracts showed over 80% acaricidal activity to T. urticae at the concentration of 1 %, while Capsicum annuum (hot-pepper seed), Inula helenium, and Acorus calamus revealed 82.8-86.2% acaricidal activities at 0.5%. Insecticidal activities of the plant extracts to M. persicae and P. xylostella were relatively low compare to the mite. Among the plant extracts, C. anuum and Brassica juncea revealed 48.6% and 42.9% respectively insecticidal activities to the aphid at the concentration of 0.5%. Extracts of C. anuum and Jeffersonia dubia provided 55% and 50% insecticidal activity against P. xylostella at 1%. And, the highest antifeeding activity of the insect was observed in the J. dubia extract as 79.4%. Results indicated that some plant extracts including hot pepper seed could be used as potential botanical pesticides for organic farming.

Keywords

Tetranychus urticae;Myzus persicae;Plutella xylostella;Plant extracts;Insecticidal activity

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