Effect of Elevated Carbon Dioxide Concentration and Temperature on Yield and Fruit Characteristics of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)

이산화탄소 및 온도 상승이 토마토 수량 및 과실특성에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, In-Bog (National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kang, Seok-Beom (National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Park, Jin-Myeon (National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA)
  • 이인복 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과) ;
  • 강석범 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과) ;
  • 박진면 (농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과)
  • Published : 2008.12.31


The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of the level of $CO_2$ (370 and $650{\mu}mol\;mol^{-1}$) and temperature (ambient and ambient+$5^{\circ}C$) on tomato growth and fruit characteristics as affected by the application rate of N-fertilizer (68 and $204\;N\;kg\;ha^{-1}$), for the purpose of evaluating the influence of elevated $CO_2$ and temperature on tomato crop. The elevated atmospheric $CO_2$ and temperature increased the plant height and stem diameter for tomato crop, while the differences among the nitrogen(N) application rates were not significantly different. Under the elevated $CO_2$, temperature, and a higher N application rate, the biomass of aerial part increased. The fruit yield showed the same result as the biomass except for the elevated temperature. The elevated temperature made the size of fruit move toward the small, but the elevated $CO_2$ and the application of N-fertilizer were vice versa. The sugar content and pH of fruit juice were affected by nitrogen application rate, but not by the elevated $CO_2$ and temperature. These results showed that both the elevated $CO_2$ and temperature stimulated the vegetative growth of aerial parts for tomato, but each effects on the yield of fruit showed an opposite result between the elevated temperature and $CO_2$. In conclusion, the elevated $CO_2$ increased tomato yield and the ratio of large size of fruit, but the elevated temperature did not. Therefore, to secure the productivity of tomato as nowadays in future environment, it will need to develop new breeder as high temperature-tolerable tomato species or new type of cropping systems.


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