DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Life Cycle Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Livestock and Food Wastes Co-digestive Biogas Production System

전과정평가 방법을 이용한 가축분뇨/음식폐기물 통합 소화형 바이오가스 시설의 온실가스 배출량 평가

  • Published : 2008.12.31

Abstract

Biogas plant with anaerobic digestion is receiving high attention as a facility for both livestock waste treatment and electric power generation. Objective of this study was to perform life cycle assessment (LCA) of a biogas plant which incorporates swine and food waste (7:3) as source materials for biogas production. In addition, the biogas production process was compared with the prevalent composting method as a reference in the aspects of green house gas (GHG) reduction potential and environmental impact. The biogas method was capable of reducing 52 kg $CO_2$ eq. emission per ton of swine/food waste, but the composting process was estimated to emit 268 kg $CO_2$ eq. into air. The biogas method was evaluated as more beneficial to the environment by mitigating the impact on abiotic depletion potential (ADP), global warming potential (GWP), ozone depletion potential (ODP), eutrophication potential (EP), and photochemical ozone creation potential (POCP), but not to acidification potential (AP).

Keywords

LCA;Biogas;Composting;Environmental impact assessment;Greenhouse gas

References

  1. 허병두, 김시현, 유정택, 고윤경, 양수민 (2002) 음식물/축분의 통합소화에 의한 바이오가스 이용기술 실용화, 폐기물자원화 10 (1), 46-51
  2. Raven, R. and Gregersen, K. H. (2007) Biogas plants in Denmark: successes and setbacks, Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 11 (1), 116-132 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2004.12.002
  3. 국립환경과학원 (2007) 전국 폐기물 발생 및 처리현황, p. 740
  4. Murphy, J. D., McKeogh, E. and Kiely, G. (2004) Technical/economic/environmental analysis of biogas utilisation, Appl. Energ. 77 (4), 407-427 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2003.07.005
  5. 고한종 (2007) 메탄발효처리에 의한 가축분뇨의 바이오가스 생산과 액비화 이용, 한국초지사료학회 2007년도 국제학술심포지엄, 103-113
  6. 농촌진흥청 축산연구소 (2006) 가축분뇨 성분분석 실험법, p. 273
  7. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2001) Climate Change 2001, Radioactive Forcing of Climate Change, The Scientific Basis. Cambridge University Press, UK
  8. 친환경상품진흥원 (2007) 환경성적표지인증제도 작성지침, <부표2>영향범주별 특성화 인자,
  9. Ishikawa, S., Hoshiba, S., Hinata, T., Hishinuma, T. and Morita, S. (2006) Evaluation of a biogas plant from life cycle assessment (LCA), International Congress Series 1293, 230-233 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ics.2006.02.008
  10. Mancarella, P. and Chicco, G. (2008) Assessment of the greenhouse gas emissions from cogeneration and trigeneration systems. Part II: Analysis techniques and application cases, Energy 33 (3), 418-430 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2007.10.008
  11. 임동규, 박우균, 권순익 (2002) 가축분뇨 혐기소화 후 폐액활용 기술, 농촌진흥청, p.179-223
  12. Amlinger, F., Peyr, S. and Cuhls, C. (2008) Green house gas emissions from composting and mechanical biological treatment, Waste Manage. Res. 26 (1), 47-60 https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X07088432
  13. 임송택, 안상전, 정재수 (2006) 축산분뇨의 호기성퇴비화 및 메탄화공정 전과정평가, 한국전과정평가학회 7 (1), 19-24
  14. Berglund, M. and Borjesson, P. (2006) Assessment of energy performance in the life-cycle of biogas production, Biomass Bioenerg. 30, 254-266 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2005.11.011
  15. Finnveden, G., Johansson, J., Lind, P. and Moberg, A. (2000) Life Cycle Assessments of Energy from Solid Waste, Stockholms Universitet
  16. Chevalier, C. and Meunier, F. (2005) Environmental assessment of biogas co- or tri-generation units by life cycle analysis methodology, Appl. Therm. Eng. 25 (17-18), 3025-3041 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2005.03.011
  17. 국립환경연구원 (2004) 축산폐수 처리 통계, 환경부, p. 112
  18. Czepiel, P., Douglas, E., Harriss, R. and Crill, P. (1996) Measurements of $N_2O$ fromComposted Organic Wastes, Environ. Sci. Technol. 30 (8), 2519-2525 https://doi.org/10.1021/es950841j
  19. He, Y., Inamori, Y., Mizuochi, M., Kong, H., Iwami, N. and Sun, T. (2000) Measurements of $N_2O$ and $CH_4$ from the aerated composting of food waste, Sci. Total Environ. 254 (1), 65-74 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(00)00439-3
  20. Angelidaki, I. and Ellegaard, L. (2003) Codigestion of manure and organic wastes in centralized biogas plants, Appl. Biochem. Biotech. 109 (1), 95-105 https://doi.org/10.1385/ABAB:109:1-3:95
  21. Hao, X., Chang, C., Larney, F. J. and Travis, G. R. (2001) Greenhouse Gas Emissions during Cattle Feedlot Manure Composting, J. Environ. Qual. 30 (2), 376-389 https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2001.302376x
  22. Pattey, E., Trzcinski, M. K. and Desjardins, R. L. (2005) Quantifying the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions as a Result of Composting Dairy and Beef Cattle Manure, Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosys. 72 (2), 173-187 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-005-1268-5
  23. Fukumoto, Y., Osada, T., Hanajima, D. and Haga, K. (2003) Patterns and quantities of $NH_3$, $N_2O$ and $CH_4$ emissions during swine manure composting without forced aeration-effect of compost pile scale, Bioresource Technol. 89 (2), 109-114 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(03)00060-9

Cited by

  1. Reuse of Hydrogen Sulfide by Ferric Chelate Reaction of Food Waste Anaerobic Digestion Gas, Sulfur Recovery and its Economic Evaluation vol.20, pp.4, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7464/ksct.2014.20.4.367
  2. Assessment of the Contribution of Poultry and Pig Production to Greenhouse Gas Emissions in South Korea Over the Last 10 Years (2005 through 2014) vol.29, pp.12, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.15.0796
  3. Methane and Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Livestock Agriculture in 16 Local Administrative Districts of Korea vol.25, pp.12, 2012, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2012.12418
  4. Evaluation of environmental impacts of food waste management by material flow analysis (MFA) and life cycle assessment (LCA) vol.18, pp.3, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-016-0510-3