DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effects of Different Sources of Dietary Chromium and Copper on Growth Performances, Nutrients Digestibility, Fecal Cr, Cu and Zn Excretion in Growing Pigs

크롬과 구리의 형태별 병용급여가 육성돈의 육성성적, 소화율 및 분의 Cr, Cu, Zn 배출량에 미치는 영향 미치는 영향

  • Park, Jeoung-Keum (Dept. of Feed Science & Technology, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Woong (Dept. of Feed Science & Technology, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Yoo, Young-Beom (Dept. of Feed Science & Technology, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Jun-Yeop (Dept. of Feed Science & Technology, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Ohh, Sang-Jip (Dept. of Feed Science & Technology, Kangwon National University)
  • 박정금 (강원대학교 사료생산공학과) ;
  • 김진웅 (강원대학교 사료생산공학과) ;
  • 유영범 (강원대학교 사료생산공학과) ;
  • 이준엽 (강원대학교 사료생산공학과) ;
  • 오상집 (강원대학교 사료생산공학과)
  • Published : 2008.06.01

Abstract

This study was carried out to evaluate effects of either organic or inorganic sources of both chromium and copper on growth performances, nutrients digestibility and fecal Cr, Cu, and Zn excretion in growing pigs. A total of 36 growing pigs((Landrace×Yorkshire)×Duroc, weighing 61.2kg in average) were allotted to 4 treatments with 3 replicates and 3 pigs per replicate. Four treatments were designated by supplemental sources of both chromium and copper as follows: ①200ppb Cr as Cr-methionine chelate(CrMet) and 200ppm Cuas copper methionine chelate(CuMet), ②200ppb Cr as CrMet and 200ppm Cu as copper sulfate(CuSO4), ③200ppb Cr as chromium chloride(CrCl3) and 200ppm Cu as CuMet, ④200ppb Cr as CrCl3 and 200ppm Cu as CuSO4. Growth performance was highest(p<0.05) in CrMet and CuMet supplemented diet treatment. Nutrients digestibility of diets was lowest(p<0.05) in CrMet and CuSO4 supplemented diet treatment, and highest(p<0.05) in CrMet and CuMet supplemented diet treatment. Fecal copper, zinc and chromium excretion was highest(p<0.05) in CrCl3 and CuSO4 supplementation treatment and lowest(p<0.05) in CrMet and CuMet supplementation treatment. This study showed a relatively high degree of utilization of Cr and Cu as well as Zn by supplementation of CrMet and CuMet compared with those of the inorganic sources.

Keywords

Chromium; Copper; Growing pig; Inorganic; Methionine chelates

References

  1. Lindermann, M. D, Wood, C. M., Harper, A. F., Kornegay, E. T. and Anderson, R. A. 1995b. Dietary chromium picolinate additions improve gain:feed and carcass characteristics in growing- finishing beef steers fed barley-based diets. Can.. J. Anim. Sci. 73:457-465 https://doi.org/10.2527/1995.732457x
  2. Lindemann, M. D., Harper, A. F. and Kornegay, E. T. 1995a. Further assessment of the effects of supplementation of chromium from chromium picolinate on fecundity in swine. J. Anim. Sci. 73?:184(Abstr.)
  3. Harris, J. E., Crow, S. D. and Newcomb, M. D. 1995. Effect of chromium picolinate on growth performance and carcass characteristics on pigs fed adequate and low protein diets. J. Anim. Sci. 73(suppl. 1):194(Abstr.)
  4. Hill, G. M., Cromwell, G. L., Crenshaw, T. D., Dove, C. R., Ewan, R. C., Knabe, E. A., Lewis, A. J., Libal, G. W., Mahan, D. C., Shurson, G. C., Southern, L. L. and Veum, T. L. 2000. Growth promotion effects and plasma changes form feeding high dietary concentrations of zinc and copper to weanling pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 78:1010-1018
  5. Hoefer, H. A., Miller, E. R., Ullrey, E. D., Ritchie, H. D. and Luecke, R. W. 1960. Inter- relationships between calcium, zinc, iron and copper in swine feeding. J. Anim. Sci. 19:249-259 https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1960.191249x
  6. Konegay, E. T. and Harper, A. F. 1997. Environ- mental nutrition:nutrient management strategies to reduce nutrient excretion of swine. Prof. Anim. Sci. 13:99-111
  7. Page, T. G., Southern, L. L., Ward, T. L. and Thompson, Jr. D. L. 1992. Effects of chromium picolinate on growth, serum and carcass traits of growing-finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 71:656-662
  8. Ohh, S. J. and Lee, J. Y. 2005. Dietary chromium- methionine chelate supplementation and animal performance. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. Vol 18. 6:898-907 https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2005.898
  9. SAS. 1989. SAS User's Guide. Statistical Analysis Systems Institute, Inc., Cary, NC
  10. McCarthy, J. F., Aherne, F. X. and Okai, D. B. 1974. Use of HCl insoluble ash as an index material for determining apparent digestibility with pigs. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 54.:107-109 https://doi.org/10.4141/cjas74-016
  11. Mooney, K. W. and Cromwell, G. L. 1997. Effects of Cr picolinate or Cr chloride as potential carcass modifiers in swine. J. Anim. Sci. 75(in press)
  12. Schiavon, S., Bailoni, L., Ramanzin, M., Vincenzi, R., Simonetto, A. and Bittante, G. 2000. Effect of proteinate or sulfate mineral sources on trace elements in blood and liver of piglets. Anim Sci. 71:131-139 https://doi.org/10.1017/S1357729800054953
  13. Smith, J. W., Tokach, M. D., Goodband, R. D., Nelssen, J. L. and Richert, B. T. 1997. Effect of the interrelationship btween zinc oxide and copper sulfate on growth performance of early-weaned pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 75:1861-1866 https://doi.org/10.2527/1997.7571861x
  14. Stansbury, W. F., Tribble, L. F. and DE Orr Jr. 1990. Effect of chelated copper sources on performance of nursery and growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 68:1318-1322 https://doi.org/10.2527/1990.6851318x
  15. Van Heugten, E. and Spears, J. W. 1994. Immune response and growth of stressed weanling pigs suplemented with organic or inorganic forms of chromium. J. Anim Sci. 72(Suppl. 1.):274(Abstr)
  16. Veum, T. L., Bollinger, D. W., Ellersiekand, M. and Halley, J. T. 1995. Proteinated trace minerals and condensed fish protein digest in weaning pig diets. J. Anim Sci. 73(suppl. 1): 308.(Abstr.)
  17. Veum, T. L., Calson, M. S., Wu, C. W., Bollinger, D. W. and Ellersieck, M. R. 2004. Copper proteinate in weanling pig diets for enhancing growth performance and reducing fecal copper excretion compared with copper sulfate. J. Anim Sci. 82:1062-1070
  18. 김현숙, 이선연, 김창혁, 오상집, 신종서, 성경일. 2003. Chromium methionine 첨가가 비만지수 및 지질대사에 미치는 영향. 한국식품영양과학회지. 32(5):706-709
  19. Armstrong, T. A., Cook, D. R., Ward, M. M., Williams, C. M. and Spears, J. W. 2004. Effect of dietary copper source(cupric citrate and cupric sulfate) and concentration on growth performance and fecal copper excretion in weanling pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 82:1234-1240
  20. Ashmead, H. D. 1992. The roles of amino aicd chelates in animal nutrition. Noyes publications, Park Ridgs, NJ. 479pp
  21. Carlson, M. S. 2005. Piglet diets: can we manage without zinc oxide and copper sulfate. In; Redefining Mineral Nutrition(Ed. L. A. Tucker and J. A. Taylor-Pickard). Nottingham University, Nottingham. pp.75-88
  22. Creech, B. L., Spears, J. W., Flowers, W. L., Hill, G. M. and Lloyd, K. E. 2004. Effect of dietary trace mineral concentration and source(inorganic vs. chelated) on performance, mineral status, and fecal mineral excretion in pigs from weaning through finishing. J. Anim. Sci. 82:2140-2147
  23. Evock-Clover, C. M., Polansky, M. M., Anderson, R. A. and Steele, N. C. 1993. Dietary chromium supplementation with or without somatotropin treatment alters serum hormones and metabolites in growing pigs without affecting growth perfor- mance. J. Nutr. 123:1504-1512
  24. A.A.F.C.O. 1998. Official publication of the Association of American Feed Control Officials incorporated(Paul. M. Bachman, Ed). pp. 237-238
  25. A.O.A.C. 1990. Official of Analysis 15th ed. Association of official Analytical chemists. Washington. D.C.
  26. Apgar, G. A. and Kornegay, E. T. 1996. Mineral balance of finishing pigs fed copper sulfate or a copper-lysine complex at growth-simulating levels. J. Anim. Feed. Sci. 74:1594-1600 https://doi.org/10.2527/1996.7471594x
  27. Burton, J. L. 1995. Supplemental chromium: Its benefits to the bovine immune system. J. Anim. Feed. Sci. Tech. 53:117 https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(95)02016-S
  28. Riales, R. and Albrink, M. J. 1981. Effect of chromium chloride supplementation on glucose tolerance and serum lipids including high-density lipoproteins of adult men. Am. J. Clin, Nutr. 34: 2670 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/34.12.2670

Cited by

  1. Nano Copper Induces Apoptosis in PK-15 Cells via a Mitochondria-Mediated Pathway vol.181, pp.1, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-017-1024-0
  2. Effect of nano copper on visceral organs and the contents of trace elements in weanling pigs pp.1556-9551, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1080/15569543.2017.1421559