Critical Evaluation of and Suggestions for a Comprehensive Project Based on the Special Act on Seoul Metropolitan Air Quality Improvement

수도권 대기환경 개선사업-진단과 제언

  • Baek, Sung-Ok (School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Koo, Youn-Seo (Department of Environmental Engineering, Anyang University)
  • Published : 2008.02.29


On January 1, 2005, the Korean Ministry of Environment put into operation a comprehensive program, so called 'Blue Sky 21' project, for the improvement of air quality in greater Seoul metropolitan area. This program was legally based on the 'Special Act on Metropolitan Air Quality Improvement' for Greater Seoul area, which was established in 2003, and should be updated every 10 years. The principal objective of this program is to improve the air quality in Seoul and surrounding area by 2014 to the levels of air quality in Tokyo and Paris, with particular emphases on reducing the concentrations of nitrogen dioxide and $PM_{10}$. Any regulation of the emission of toxic air pollutants in general, and $NO_2$ and $PM_{10}$ in particular, should be based on human exposure levels and consequential health effects. In this article, the contents and feasibility of the special program were critically evaluated with respect to the reduction of health risks. Important issues for improving not only air quality but public health are discussed, and future requirements for the success of the special program are suggested.


  1. 구윤서 (2006a) '수도권 대기질 개선 목표 달성을 위한 소 고', 국회의원 맹형규. 안홍준 의원 주최 '경유 차 vs 中 오염물질, 대기오염의 주범은?' 국회정책 토론회 발표자료
  2. 구윤서 (2006b) 일본 동경도 대기환경 담당부서 방문 수집 자료
  3. 백성옥 (1999) 대기중 다환방향족탄화수소-환경학적 고찰, 한국대기환경학회지, 15(5), 525-544
  4. 백성옥 (2005) 통합위해성 평가와 Hazardous Air Pollutants 관리방안, 환경부 및 한국대기환경학회 공동주최 21세기 대기환경정책 대 토론회 자료집, 289-325
  5. 한국대기환경학회 (2007) 대도시 대기질 관리방안 조사연 구-미세먼지 생성과정 규명과 저감대책 수립, 최 종보고서, 540 pp
  6. 환경부 (2004) 수도권 대기환경개선특별법 하위법령 제정 추진방향, 18 pp
  7. Harkov, R. and A. Greenberg (1985) Benzo(a)pyrene in New Jersey-results from a twenty-seven-sites study, JAPCA, 35, 238-243
  8. U.S. National Academy of Sciences (1983) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons-Evaluation of Sources and Effects, 477 pp
  9. 환경부(2007) '06년 주요정책과제 자체평가 결과, 516 pp
  10. 선우영, 마영일, 김유정, 김혜민, 유준영, 김수향, 님중식, 정용 원, 한세현, 홍지형, 김정수 (2006) 수도권 대기환 경개선 특별대책의 통합적 관리 방안 마련, 대한 환경공학회지, 28(11), 1112-1117
  11. 환경부(2005) 환경부 수도권 대기환경관리 기본계획, 77 pp
  12. 환경부 (2006b) 환경부 대기보전국 자체 성과관리 전략 계 획 문건, 162 pp
  13. U.S. EPA (1990) Cancer risk from outdoor exposure to air toxics. Volume 1, Final Report. EPA 450/1-90- 004a. Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. Research Triangle Park, NC
  14. 김영성(2005) 수도권 대기질 관리의 쟁점과 과제, 환경정책 연구, 4(1), 1-19
  15. 정부민간 합동 작업반(2006) VISION 2030, 138 pp. 조석연(2007) 서울시 오염원평가를 위한 바람직한 정책 제 언, 서울시 대기질 개선을 위한 기획 심포지움, 39-46
  16. 김운수, 정숙영, 조용현, 김경배 (2007) 서울시 도시관리계획 환경성 검토 제도의 문제점 및 개선방안 연구, 서 울도시연구, 8(1), 107-125
  17. 환경부(2006a) 환경백서, 416-419.

Cited by

  1. Review of PM-related Air Quality Improvement Policies of United States for PM-related Air Quality Improvement of Metropolitan Region in Korea vol.25, pp.6, 2009,
  2. Analysis on High Concentration Air Pollution Cases in Gimhae Region Using the WRF Numerical Model vol.22, pp.8, 2013,
  3. Possible Relationship of Weakened Aleutian Low with Air Quality Improvement in Seoul, South Korea vol.57, pp.10, 2018,