Distribution Characteristics of Riparian Vegetation in the Mid and Lower Reaches of the Nakdong River, Korea

낙동강 중.하류지역의 수변 식생 분포 특성

  • Yeo, Un-Sang (Busan Development Institute) ;
  • Lee, Yong-Min (Department of Ecological Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Ki-Sup (Department of Ecological Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Sung, Ki-June (Department of Ecological Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kang, Dae-Seok (Department of Ecological Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Lee, Suk-Mo (Department of Ecological Engineering, Pukyong National University)
  • 여운상 (부산발전연구원) ;
  • 이용민 (부경대학교 환경시스템공학부 생태공학) ;
  • 김기섭 (부경대학교 환경시스템공학부 생태공학) ;
  • 성기준 (부경대학교 환경시스템공학부 생태공학) ;
  • 강대석 (부경대학교 환경시스템공학부 생태공학) ;
  • 이석모 (부경대학교 환경시스템공학부 생태공학)
  • Published : 2008.02.28


Aquatic and riparian vegetation of river ecosystems are very important both in ecological and management perspectives. Vegetation surveys were conducted to understand the characteristics of riparian vegetation in the mid and lower reaches of the Nakdong River, Korea. A total of 68 families and 260 species were identified at eleven survey sites. The numbers of taxa were similar to those reported in a previous survey in 1996,but the percentage of naturalized plants increased more than two times compared to that in the previous survey. Survey sites near Yangsan Bridge and Nambu Park in Yangsan showed the highest percentage of naturalized plant species. Urbanization indices of the survey sites were high at 18.8% on average. Therophytes were the most dominant plant life form at the survey sites with 39.2% of total plants identified, followed by phanerophytes (19.2%), hemicryptophytes (18.9%), aquatic plants (13.9%), cryptophytes (5.8%), and chamaephytes (3.1%). The relative composition of hemicryptophytes decreased whereas those of therophytes and chamaephytes increased compared to those in the survey in 1996. This may be due to increase in dryness of riparian soils or degradation of riparian areas. Plant compositions at sites near Jeokpo Bridge and Hwoicheon suggest that the composition and distribution of riparian vegetation are affected by land use pattern surrounding riparian areas or human accessibility to the areas.


Riparian vegetation;Plant life form;Nakdong River;Aquatic plant;Naturalized plant


  1. 최지용, 정유진, 2000, 수질 개선을 위한 수변녹지의 조성 및 관리방안 연구, 환경정책평가연구원, 79pp
  2. National Research Council, 2002, Riparian Areas: Functions and Strategies for Management, National Academic Press, 428pp
  3. 이도원, 2004, 흐르는 강물따라 사이언스북스, 226pp
  4. 최지용, 이지현, 2004, 수변구역의 효율성 제고를 위한 정책개선방안연구, 한국환경정책평가연구원, 147pp
  5. Anbumozhi V., Radhakrishnan J., Yamaji E., 2005, Impact of riparian buffer zones on water quality and associated management considerations, Ecological Engineering, 24, 517-523
  6. Lowrance R., Todd R., Fail J., Hendrickson O., Leonard R., Asmussen L., 1984, Riparian forests as nutrient filters in agricultural watershed, BioScience, 34 (6), 374-377
  7. 박수현, 1996, 한국의 외래귀화식물, 일조각, 143pp
  8. 박수현, 2001,한국귀화식물원색도감, 일조각, 178pp
  9. 여천생태연구회, 1997, 현대생태학실험서, 교문사, 286pp
  10. 이영노, 2002, 한국식물도감, 교학사, 1269pp
  11. 이창희, 이병국, 최지용, 김은정, 1999, 물자원의 효율적 이용을 위한 유역관리방안 -낙동강 수계관리를 중심으로, 한국환경정책평가연구원, 145pp
  12. 이창복, 2003, 원색대한식물도감, 향문사, 910pp
  13. 송승달, 류승원, 이종욱, 채병수, 조영호, 고재기, 이정호, 정제영, 1996, 낙동강생태보고서, 영남자연생태보존회, 506pp
  14. 고재기, 조형호, 2002, 낙동강, 본류 하변 식생의 식물사회학적 연구, 경산대학교 기초과학연구, 6(2), 55-76
  15. 최지용, 이지현, 2001, 도시지역에서의 수변 녹지 조성 및 관리방안에 관한 연구, 환경정책평가연구원, 160pp
  16. 이율경, 김종원, 한국의 하천식생 계명대학교, 2005, 출판부, 293pp
  17. Schnabel R. R., Cornish L. F., Stout W. L., Shaffer J. A., 1996, Denitrification in a grassed and a wood-ed, valley and ridge, riparian ecotone, J. Environ. Qual., 25, 1230-1235

Cited by

  1. The Characteristics of Flora and Vegetation in Hwang River, Gyeongsangnam-do vol.16, pp.1, 2013,