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Maximizing the Selection Response by Optimal Quantitative Trait Loci Selection and Control of Inbreeding in a Population with Different Lifetimes between Sires and Dams

  • Tang, G.Q. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Sichuan Agricultural University) ;
  • Li, X.W. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Sichuan Agricultural University) ;
  • Zhu, L. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Sichuan Agricultural University) ;
  • Shuai, S.R. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Sichuan Agricultural University) ;
  • Bai, L. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Sichuan Agricultural University)
  • Received : 2008.01.08
  • Accepted : 2008.07.08
  • Published : 2008.11.01

Abstract

A rule was developed to constrain the annual rate of inbreeding to a predefined value in a population with different lifetimes between sires and dams, and to maximize the selection response over generations. This rule considers that the animals in a population should be divided into sex-age classes based on the theory of gene flow, and restricts the increase of average inbreeding coefficient for new offspring by limiting the increase of the mean additive genetic relationship for parents selected. The optimization problem of this rule was formulated as a quadratic programming problem. Inputs for the rule were the BLUP estimated breeding values, the additive genetic relationship matrix of all animals, and the long-term contributions of sex-age classes. Outputs were optimal number and contributions of selected animals. In addition, this rule was combined with the optimization of emphasis given to QTL, and further increased the genetic gain over the planning horizon. Stochastic simulations of closed nucleus schemes for pigs were used to investigate the potential advantages obtained from this rule by combining the standard QTL selection, optimal QTL selection and conventional BLUP selection. Results showed that the predefined rates of inbreeding were actually achieved by this rule in three selection strategies. The rule obtained up to 9.23% extra genetic gain over truncation selection at the same rates of inbreeding. The combination of the extended rule and the optimization of emphasis given to QTL allowed substantial increases in selection response at a fixed annual rate of inbreeding, and solved substantially the conflict between short-term and long-term selection response in QTL-assisted selection schemes.

Keywords

Selection;Optimization;Quantitative Trait Loci;Inbreeding Restriction

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