DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of Fermented Soybean "Natto" Supplement on Egg Production and Qualities

  • Fujiwara, K. (Laboratory of Poultry, Ibaraki Prefectural Livestock Research Center) ;
  • Miyaguchi, Y. (College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University) ;
  • Toyoda, A. (College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University) ;
  • Nakamura, Y. (College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University) ;
  • Yamazaki, M. (National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science) ;
  • Nakashima, K. (National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science) ;
  • Abe, H. (National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science)
  • Received : 2007.11.12
  • Accepted : 2008.03.04
  • Published : 2008.11.01

Abstract

Natto is a Japanese traditional soybean product fermented by Bacillus natto. The effects of dried fermented soybean (natto) supplement on egg production and egg qualities of layer chickens was studied with regard to the effective use of various waste foods in Japan. Dried natto, prepared by heating at $60^{\circ}C$, was added to a basic diet at a level of up to 3%. Forty 166-wk-old layer chickens (Rhode Island Red) were randomly divided into 4 groups and five layer chickens were used in each group with two replicates. Layer chickens in group 1 were fed a basic diet as the control. The remaining 3 groups were fed the basic diet supplemented with dried natto at levels of 1, 2, and 3% (w/w), respectively. The result did not show improvements in egg production or feed conversion ratio of layer chickens even when 3% dried natto was added to the control diet. The egg qualities including egg weight, eggshell strength and thickness, yolk color, yolk weight, albumen height, and Haugh unit were also not improved. However, the feeding of dried natto changed the cholesterol content in the egg yolk. The supplementation of dried natto showed the tendency to decrease the yolk cholesterol after 12-wk of feeding compared to the control diet though it did not change plasma cholesterol levels in the blood. On the other hand, yolk cholesterol decreased significantly after 12-wk of feeding 3% dried natto (p<0.05).

Keywords

Cholesterol;Fermented Soybean;Haugh Unit;Natto;Chicken

References

  1. Abdulrahim, S. M., S. Y. Haddadin, E. A. Hashlamoun and R. K. Robinson. 1996. The influence of Lactobacillus acidphilus and bacitracin on layer performance of chicken and cholesterol content of plasma and egg yolk. Br. Poult. Sci. 37:341-346. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669608417865
  2. Andremont, A. 2000. Consequences of antibiotic therapy to the intestinal ecosystem. Ann. Fr. Anesth. Reanim. 19:395-402. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0750-7658(00)90209-0
  3. Ashiuchi, M., K. Tani, K. Soda and H. Misono. 1998. Properties of glutamate racemase from Bacillus subtilis IFO 3336 producing poly-gamma-glutamate. J. Biochem. 123:1156-1163. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a022055
  4. Bloom, M. A., L. V. Domm, A. V. Nalbanadov and W. Bloom. 1958. Medullary bone of laying chickens. Am. J. Anat. 102:411-453. https://doi.org/10.1002/aja.1001020304
  5. Burgat, V. 1991. Residues of drugs of veterinary use in food. Rev. Prat. 41:985-990.
  6. Dunsford, B. R., D. A. Knabe and W. E. Hacnsly. 1989. Effect of dietary soybean meal on the microscopic anatomy of the small intestine in the early-weaned pig. J. Anim. Sci. 67:1855-1864. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1989.6771855x
  7. Endo, T., M. Nakano, S. Shimizu, M. Fukushima and S. Miyoshi. 1999. Effect of a probiotic on the lipid metabolism of cocks fed on a cholesterol-enriched diet. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 63:1569-1575. https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb.63.1569
  8. Miksicek, R. J. 1994. Interaction of naturally occurring nonsteroidal estrogens with expressed recombinant human estrogen receptor. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. 49:153-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/0960-0760(94)90005-1
  9. Miles, R. D., A. S. Arafa and R. H. Harms. 1981. Effect of a living non freeze-dried lactobacillus acidophilus culture on performance, egg quality, and gut microflora in commercial layers. Poult. Sci. 60:993-1004. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0600993
  10. Mohan, B., R. Kadirvel, M. Bhaskaran and A. Natarajan. 1995. Effect of probiotic supplementation on serum/yolk cholesterol and on egg shell thickness in layers. Br. Poult. Sci. 36:799-803. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669508417824
  11. Nahashon, S. N., H. S. Nakaue and L. W. Mirosh. 1994. Production variable and nutrient retention in single comb white leghorn laying pullets fed diets supplemented with direct-fed microbials. Poult. Sci. 73:1699-1711. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0731699
  12. Samanya, M. and K. Yamauchi. 2002. Histological alteration of intestinal villi in chickens fed dried Bacillus subtilis var. natto. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A, 133:95-104.
  13. Jin, L. Z., Y. W. Ho, N. Abdullah and S. Jalaudin. 1998. Growth performance, intestinal microbial populations and serum cholesterol of broilers diets containing Lactobacillus cultures. Poult. Sci. 77:1259-1265. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/77.9.1259
  14. Kalavathy, R., N. Abdullah, S. Jalaludin and Y. W. Ho. 2003. Effects of Lactobacillus cultures on growth performance, abdominal fat deposition, serum lipids and weight of organs of broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 44:139-144. https://doi.org/10.1080/0007166031000085445
  15. Kiers, J. L., J. C. Meijer, M. J. R. Nout, F. M. Rombouts, M. J. A. Nabuurs and J. Meulen. 2003. Effect of fermented soya beans on diarrhea and feed efficiency in weaned piglets. J. Appl. Microbiol. 95:545-555. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2672.2003.02011.x
  16. Lalles, J. P., R. Toullec, P. B. Pardal and J. W. Sissons. 1995. Hydrolyzed soy protein isolate sustains high nutritional performance in veal calves. J. Dairy Sci. 78:194-204. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(95)76629-2
  17. Li, D. F., J. L. Nelssen, P. G. Reddy, F. Blecha, J. D. Hancock, G. Allee, R. D. Goodband and R. D. Klemm. 1990. Transient hypersensitivity to soybean meal in the early weaned pig. J. Anim. Sci. 68:1790-1799. https://doi.org/10.2527/1990.6861790x
  18. Fujita, M., K. Nomura, K. Hong, Y. Ito, A. Asada and S. Nishimuro. 1993. Purification and characterization of a strong fibrinolytic enzyme (nattokinase) in the vegetable cheese natto, a population soybean fermented food in Japan. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 197:1340-1347. https://doi.org/10.1006/bbrc.1993.2624
  19. Fukushima, M. and M. Nakano. 1995. The effect of a probiotic on faecal and liver lipid classes in rats. Br. J. Nutr. 73:701-710. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19950074
  20. Gilliland, S. E., C. R. Nelson and C. Maxwell. 1985. Assimilation of cholesterol by Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 49:377-381.
  21. Haddadin, M. S., S. M. Abdulrahim, E. A. Hashlamoun and R. K. Robinson. 1996. The effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus on the production and chemical composition of hen's eggs. Poult. Sci. 75:491-494. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0750491
  22. Hong, K. J., C. H. Lee and S. W. Kim. 2004. Aspergillus oryzae 3.042GB-107 fermentation improves nutritional quality of food soybeans and feed soybean meals. J. Med. Food 7:430-434. https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2004.7.430
  23. Jiang, R., X. Chang, B. Stoll, K. J. Ellis, R. J. Shypallo, E. Weaver, J. Campbell and D. G. Burrin. 2000. Dietary plasma proteins used more efficiently than extruded soy protein for lean tissue growth in early-weaned pigs. J. Nutr. 130:2016-2019. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/130.8.2016
  24. Taylor, T. G. and J. H. Moore. 1956. The effect of calcium depletion on chemical composition of bone minerals in laying hens. Br. J. Nutr. 10:250-263. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19560037
  25. Veckman, V., M. Miettinen, S. Matikainen, R. Lande, E. Giacomini, E. M. Coccia and I. Julkunen. 2003. Lactobacilli and Strepticocci induce inflammatory chemokine production in human macrophages that stimulates Th1 cell chemotaxis. J. leukoc. Biol. 74:395-402. https://doi.org/10.1189/jlb.0402212
  26. Wenjun, W., O. Kehui, X. Mingshen, J. Yan and S. Xinchen. 2004. Effects of different oils on the production performance and polyunsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol level of yolk in hens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17:843-847. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.843
  27. Xu, C.-L., C. J. Ji, Q. Ma, K. Hao, Z.-Y. Jin and K. Li. 2006. Effects of a dried Bacillus subtilis culture on egg quality. Poult. Sci. 85:364-368. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/85.2.364
  28. Santoso, U., K. Tanaka and S. Ohtani. 1995. Effect of dried Bacillus subtilis culture on growth, body composition and hepatic lipogenic enzyme activity in female broiler chicks. Br. J. Nutr. 74:523-529. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19950155
  29. Schneider, W. J., R. Carroll, D. L. Severson and J. Nimpf. 1990. Apolipoprotein VLDL-II inhibits lipolysis fo triglyceride-rich lipoproteins in the laying hen. J. Lipid Res. 31:507-513.
  30. Sissons, J. W. 1989. Potential of probiotic organisms to prevent diarrhoea and promote digestion in farm animals: a review. J. Sci. Food Agric. 49:1-13. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740490102
  31. Sorum, H. and M. Sunde. 2001. Resistance to antibiotics in the normal flora of animals. Vet. Res. 32:227-241. https://doi.org/10.1051/vetres:2001121
  32. Cavazzoni, V., A. Adami and C. Castrovilli. 1998. Performance of broiler chickens supplemented with Bacillus coagulans as probiotic. Br. Poult. Sci. 39:526-529. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669888719
  33. Fuller, R. 1989. Probiotic in man and animal. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 66:365-378. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.1989.tb05105.x
  34. Lim, K. S., S. J. You, B. K. An and C. W. Kang. 2006. Effects of dietary garlic powder and copper on cholesterol content characteristics of chicken eggs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:582-586. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.582
  35. Songisepp, E., J. Kals, T. Kullisaar, R. Mandar, P. Hutt, M. Zilmer and M. Mikelsaar. 2005. Evaluation of the functional efficiency of an antioxidative probiotic in healthy volunteers. Nutr. J. 4:4-22. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-4-4

Cited by

  1. Effects of fermented soybean meal on growth performance, diarrheal incidence and immune-response of neonatal calves vol.81, pp.4, 2010, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-0929.2010.00760.x
  2. The effects of fermented soybean meal on immunophysiological and stress-related parameters in Holstein calves after weaning vol.95, pp.9, 2012, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2012-5317
  3. Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Fermented Rice Bran (FRB) or Fermented Broken Rice (FBR) on Laying Performance, Egg Quality, Blood Parameter, and Cholesterol in Egg Yolk of Hy-Line Brown Laying Hens vol.44, pp.4, 2017, https://doi.org/10.5536/KJPS.2017.44.4.235