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Comparison of Cholesterol-reduced Cream Cheese Manufactured Using Crosslinked β-Cyclodextrin to Regular Cream Cheese

  • Han, E.M. ;
  • Kim, S.H. ;
  • Ahn, J. ;
  • Kwak, H.S.
  • Received : 2007.04.03
  • Accepted : 2007.07.28
  • Published : 2008.01.01

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to compare the chemical and sensory properties of regular cream cheese (control) and cholesterol-reduced cream cheese manufactured using crosslinked ${\beta}$-cyclodextrin (${\beta}$-CD) or powdered ${\beta}$-CD. Crosslinked ${\beta}$-CD was made using adipic acid. The composition of cream cheese treated by the crosslinked ${\beta}$-CD was similar to the regular cream cheese. Approximately 91% of cholesterol-reduction was observed in the cheeses that were treated using ${\beta}$-CD, which was not significantly different between powdered vs. crosslinked ${\beta}$-CD treatments. Total amount of short-chain free fatty acids was significantly lower in both ${\beta}$-CD-treated cheeses than in the control cheese throughout the storage. The cheeses made by ${\beta}$-CD-treated cream produced much lower amounts of individual free amino acids than the control in all periods. Most rheological characteristics, except cohesiveness, decreased dramatically in the control compared with the cholesterol-reduced cream cheeses. In sensory attributes, both wateryness and spreadability in ${\beta}$-CD-treated cheeses were significantly higher than in the control during 8 wk storage. Sensory scores for sourness increased significantly in the control from 4 to 8 wk storage, however, those in the cream cheese made by crosslinked-${\beta}$-CD treated cream increased slowly during 8 wk storage, which was shown in the control during a 4 wk period. Therefore, the present study showed the possibility of cholesterol-reduced cream cheese manufacture.

Keywords

Cream Cheese;Crosslinked ${\beta}$-CD;Cholesterol Removal

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : Brain Korea 21