- Volume 21 Issue 2
DOI QR Code
Effects of Feeding Extruded Soybean, Ground Canola Seed and Whole Cottonseed on Ruminal Fermentation, Performance and Milk Fatty Acid Profile in Early Lactation Dairy Cows
- Chen, P. (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology China Agricultural University) ;
- Ji, P. (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology China Agricultural University) ;
- Li, Shengli (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology China Agricultural University)
- Received : 2007.02.05
- Accepted : 2007.05.02
- Published : 2008.02.01
Four ruminally cannulated Holstein cows averaging 43 days in milk (DIM) were used in a
Extruded Soybean;Ground Canola Seed;Whole Cottonseed;Ruminal Fermentation;Milk Fatty Acid;Dairy Cows
Supported by : National Dairy Key Technologies R & D
- Palmquist, D. L. and T. C. Jenkins. 1980. Fat in lactation rations: review. J. Dairy Sci. 63:1-14. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(80)82881-5
- Murphy, J. J., G. P. McNeill, J. F. Connolly and P. A. Gleeson. 1990. Effect on cow performance and milk fat composition of including full fat soybeans and rapeseeds in the concentrate mixture for lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Res. 57:295-306. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029900026947
- AOAC. 1997. Official Methods of Analysis. 16th edn. 3rd rev. Association of Official Analytical Chemists International, Gaithersburg, MD.
- Broderick, G. A. and J. H. Kang. 1980. Automated simultaneous determination of ammonia and amino acids in ruminal fluids and in vitro media. J. Dairy Sci. 63:64-75. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(80)82888-8
- Chen, K. J., D. F. Jan, P. W. S. Chiou and D. W. Yang. 2002. Effects of Dietary Heat Extruded Soybean Meal and Protected Fat Supplement on the Production, Blood and Ruminal Characteristics of Holstein Cows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 15:821-827. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2002.821
- Abu-Ghazaleh, A., D. J. Schingoethe and A. R. Hippen. 2002. Feeding fish meal and extruded soybeans enhances the conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content of milk. J. Dairy Sci. 85:624-631. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(02)74116-7
- Aldrich, C. G., N. R. Merchen, J. K. Drackley, G. C. Fahey, Jr. and L. L. Berger. 1997. The effects of chemical treatment of whole canola seed on intake, nutrient digestibilities, milk production, and milk fatty acids of Holstein cows. J. Anim. Sci. 75:512-521. https://doi.org/10.2527/1997.752512x
- Aminot-Gilchrist, D. V. and H. D. I. Anderson. 2004. Insulin resistance-associated cardiovascular disease: Potential benefits of conjugated linoleic acid. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 79(Suppl. 6):1159-1163. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/79.6.1159S
- DePeters, E. J., S. J. Taylor, A. A. Franke and A. Aguirre. 1985. Effects of feeding whole cottonseed on composition of milk. J. Dairy Sci. 68:897-902. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(85)80907-3
- Dhiman, T. R., E. D. Helmink, D. J. McMahon, R. L. Fife and M. W. Pariza. 1999. Conjugated linoleic acid content of milk and cheese from cows fed extruded oilseeds. J. Dairy Sci. 82:412-419. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(99)75247-1
- Crocker, C. L. 1967. Rapid determination of urea nitrogen in serum or plasma without deproteinization. Am. J. Med. Technol. 33:361-365.
- Delbecchi, L., C. E. Ahnadi, J. J. Kennelly and P. Lacasse. 2001. Milk fatty acid composition and mammary lipid metabolism in Holstein cows fed protected or unprotected canola seeds. J. Dairy Sci. 84:1375-1381. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(01)70168-3
- Chichlowski, M. W., J. W. Schroeder, C. S. Park, W. L. Keller and D. E. Schimek. 2005. Altering the fatty acids in milk fat by including canola seed in dairy cattle diets. J. Dairy Sci. 88:3084-3094. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(05)72990-8
- Chilliard, Y. 1993. Dietary fat and adipose tissue metabolism in ruminants, pigs and rodents: review. J. Dairy Sci. 76:3897-3931. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(93)77730-9
- Palmquist, D. L., A. D. Beaulieu and D. M. Barbano. 1993. Feed and animal factors influencing milk fat composition. J. Dairy Sci. 76:1753-1771. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(93)77508-6
- Reveneau, C., C. V. D. M. Ribeiro, M. L. Eastridge, N. R. St-Pierre and J. L. Firkins. 2005. Processing whole cottonseed moderates fatty acid metabolism and improves performance by dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 88:4342-4355. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(05)73121-0
- SAS Institute Inc. 1999. SAS User's Guide: Statistics. Version 8 Ed. SAS Inst., Inc., Cary, NC.
- NRC. 2001. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 7th ed. Natl. Acad. Sci., Washington, DC.
- Oldick, B. S. and J. L. Firkins. 2000. Effects of degree of fat saturation on fiber digestion and microbial protein synthesis when diets are fed twelve times daily. J. Anim. Sci. 78:2412-2420. https://doi.org/10.2527/2000.7892412x
- Madison-Anderson, R. J., D. J. Schingoethe, M. J. Brouk, R. J. Baer and M. R. Lentsch. 1997. Response of lactating cows to supplemental unsaturated fat and niacin. J. Dairy Sci. 80:1329-1338. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(97)76061-2
- Ney, D. M. 1991. Potential for enhancing the nutritional properties of milk fat. J. Dairy Sci. 74:4002-4012. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78595-0
- Lee, S. W., J. S. Yang, Y. Chouinard and B. N. Van. 2006. Effect of dietary soybeans extruded at different temperatures on dairy cow milk composition. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 19:541-548.
- Lin, T. Y., C. W. Lin and Y. J. Wang. 2003. Production of conjugated linoleic acid by enzyme extract of Lactobacillus acidophilus CCRC 14079. Food Chem. 83:27-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(03)00032-3
- Magdi, M. M. 2001. Analytical techniques for conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) analysis. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 103:594-594.
- Kennelly, J. J. 1996. The fatty acid composition of milk fat as influenced by feeding oilseeds. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 60:137-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(96)00973-X
- Khorasani, G. R. and J. J. Kennelly. 1998. Effect of added dietary fat on performance, rumen characteristics, and plasma metabolites of midlactation dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 81:2459-2468. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(98)70137-7
- Harvatine, D. I. and J. L. Firkins. 1997. Whole linted cottonseed as forage substitute fed with ground or steam-flake corn digestibility and performance. J. Dairy Sci. 80:2062-2068. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(02)74274-4
- Hermansen, J. E. 1995. Prediction of milk fatty acid profile in dairy cows fed dietary fat differing in fatty acid composition. J. Dairy Sci. 78:872-879. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(95)76700-5
- Johnson, K. A., R. L. Kincaid, H. H. Westberg, C. T. Gaskins, B. K. Lamb and J. D. Cronrath. 2002. The effect of oilseeds in diets of lactating cows on milk production and methane emissions. J. Dairy Sci. 85:1509-1515. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(02)74220-3
- Harfoot, C. G. and G. P. Hazlewood. 1988. Lipid metabolism in the rumen. In: The Rumen Microbial Ecosystem (Ed. P. N. Hobson). Elsevier Applied Science Publication, London. UK. pp. 285-322.
- Sullivan, H. M., J. K. Bernard, H. E. Amos and T. C. Jenkins. 2004. Performance of lactating dairy cows fed whole cottonseed with elevated concentrations of free fatty acids in the oil. J. Dairy Sci. 87:665-671. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(04)73209-9
- Van Soest, P. J., J. B. Robertson and B. A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2
- Whitlock, L. A., D. J. Schingoethe, A. R. Hippen, K. F. Kalscheur, R. J. Baer, N. Ramaswamy and K. M. Kasperson. 2002. Fish oil and extruded soybeans fed in combination increase conjugated linoleic acids in milk of dairy cows more than when fed separately. J. Dairy Sci. 85:234-243. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(02)74072-1
- Solomon, R., L. E. Chase, D. Ben-Ghedalia and D. E. Bauman. 2000. The effect of nonstructural carbohydrate and addition of full fat extruded soybeans on the concentration of conjugated linoleic acid in the milk fat of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 83:1322-1329. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(00)74998-8
- Sukhija, P. S. and D. L. Palmquist. 1988. Rapid method for determination of total fatty acid content and composition of feedstuffs and feces. J. Agric. Food Chem. 36:1202-1206. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00084a019
- Schauff, D. J. and J. H. Clark. 1992. Effects of feeding diets containing calcium salts of long-chain fatty acids to lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 75:2990-3002. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(92)78063-1
- Wildman, E. E., G. M. Jones, P. E. Wagner, R. L. Bowman, H. F. Troutt and T. N. Lesch. 1982. A dairy cow body condition scoring system and its relationship to selected production haracteristics. J. Dairy Sci. 65:495-501. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(82)82223-6
- Wu, Z. and J. T. Huber. 1994. Relationship between dietary fat supplementation and milk protein concentration in lactating cows: a review. Livest. Prod. Sci. 39:141-155. https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-6226(94)90180-5
- Block, E., L. D. Muller, L. C. Griel, Jr. and D. L. Garwood. 1981. Brown midrib-3 corn silage and heated extruded soybeans for early lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 64:1813-1827. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(81)82770-1
- Dhiman, T. R., L. D. Satter, M. W. Pariza, M. P. Gali and K. Albright. 1997. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content of milk from cows offered diets rich in linoleic and linolenic acid. J. Dairy Sci. 80(Suppl. 1):184(Abstr.).
- Erwin, E. S., G. J. Marco and E. M. Emery. 1961. Volatile fatty acid analysis of blood and rumen fluid by gas chromatography. J. Dairy Sci. 44:1768-1777. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(61)89956-6
- Griinari, J. M., K. V. Nurmela, D. A. Dwyer, D. M. Barbano and D. E. Bauman. 1999. Variation of milk fat concentration of conjugated linoleic acid and milk fat percentage is associated with a change in ruminal biohydrogenation. J. Anim. Sci. 77(Suppl. 1):117(Abstr.).
- Mabjeesh, S. J., J. Galindez, O. Kroll and A. Arieli. 2000. The Effect of Roasting Nonlinted Whole Cottonseed on Milk Production by Dairy Cows. J. Dairy Sci. 83:2557-2563. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(00)75148-4
- Xu, D. R. 2006. The summarization of the Chinese dairy industry In: China Statistics Yearbook. (Ed. C. G.. Liu). China Agricultral Press, Beijing, China. pp. 41-44.
- Effect of oilseed type on milk fatty acid composition of individual cows, and also bulk tank milk fatty acid composition from commercial farms vol.11, pp.02, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731116001403
- Effect of dietary inclusion of date seed (Phoenix dactylifera L.) on intake, digestibility, milk production, and milk fatty acid profile of Holstein dairy cows vol.50, pp.7, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-018-1576-9
- Apparent recovery of C18 polyunsaturated fatty acids from feed in cow milk: A meta-analysis of the importance of dietary fatty acids and feeding regimens in diets without fat supplementation vol.98, pp.9, 2015, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2015-9459
- Extruded soybean meal increased feed intake and milk production in dairy cows vol.98, pp.9, 2015, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2015-9786