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A Research Review of Village Chicken Production Constraints and Opportunities in Zimbabwe

  • Mapiye, C. ;
  • Mwale, M. ;
  • Mupangwa, J.F. ;
  • Chimonyo, M. ;
  • Foti, R. ;
  • Mutenje, M.J.
  • Received : 2007.04.16
  • Accepted : 2007.12.02
  • Published : 2008.11.01

Abstract

Development of village chicken production can be a sustainable way of helping to meet the welfare needs of rural populations and raise their living standards. There is a dearth of information on research conducted to characterize, understand and develop the village chicken production systems in Zimbabwe. This review focuses on constraints, opportunities and research needs for the improvement of village chicken productivity in Zimbabwe. Village chicken production in Zimbabwe is extensive and dominated by indigenous chickens that exhibit remarkable adaptation to local environments. The multitude functions of village chickens, which include the provision of high quality protein meat and eggs, cash through sales and socio-cultural roles, are discussed in detail. Human gender aspects in village chicken production are highlighted. The factors that hamper village chicken productivity are reviewed together with opportunities and research needs. The major constraints include shortage of feed, poor health and housing management. Any improvements in these constraints may lead to sustainable increase in village chicken productivity.

Keywords

Constraints;Gender;Marketing;Mortality;Village Chicken

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