Thermotropic Liquid Crystalline Behaviors of 4-{4'-(nitrophenylazo)phenoxy}alkanoic Acids and 4-{4'-(nitrophenylazo)phenoxy}alkanoyl Chlorides

4-{4'-(니트로페닐아조)펜옥시}알칸 산들 그리고 4-{4'-(니트로페닐아조)펜옥시}알카노일 클로라이드들의 열방성 액정 거동

  • Jeong, Seung Yong (Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Dankook University) ;
  • Ma, Yung Dae (Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Dankook University)
  • 정승용 (단국대학교 고분자공학과) ;
  • 마영대 (단국대학교 고분자공학과)
  • Received : 2008.06.11
  • Accepted : 2008.08.03
  • Published : 2008.10.10

Abstract

Two kinds of nitroazobenzene derivatives: 4-{4'-(nitrophenylazo)phenoxy}alkanoic acids (NAAn, n = 2~8, 10, number of methylene units in the alkyl chain) and 4-{4'-(nitrophenylazo)phenoxy}alkanoyl chlorides (NACn, n = 2~8, 10) were synthesized, and their thermotropic liquid crystalline behaviors were investigated. NAA6 formed an enantiotropic nematic phase, while the remainders, except NAA2, showed monotropic nematic phases. Isotropic-nematic transition temperature ($T_{iN}$) and change of entropy (${\Delta}S$) at $T_{iN}$ for both of NAAn and NACn varied by the change of n, and pronounced odd-even effects of n were also observed. However, the $T_{iN}$ and ${\Delta}S$ values of NAAn were much higher than those of NACn. This fact may be attributed to the hydrogen bonding between carboxyl groups. Thermal properties and degree of order in the mesophase and the magnitude of the odd-even effects of both NAAn and NACn were significantly different from those reported for 4-(alkoxy)-4'-nitroazobenzenes. It was discussed in terms of the differences in the molecular anisotropy and the temperature-dependent flexibility of the substituted groups.

Keywords

nitroazobenzene;nematic phase;odd-even effect;the number of methylene units;substituent effect

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