A Study on the Variables Affecting Overt Form of Peer Victimization and Covert Form of Peer Victimization in Middle School Students

중학생의 또래 직접 피공격과 간접 피공격에 영향을 미치는 변인에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Jin-Hee (Dept. of Home Economics Education, Kyungnam University)
  • 김진희 (경남대학교 가정교육과)
  • Published : 2008.12.31

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to measure the degree of middle school students' victimization and to identify the variables to affect it. The study were investigated 338 middle school students aged from 13 to 15 years old. The questionnaire consisted of victimization and affecting variables it; expression of anger, social skills, and aggressiveness. Multiple regression analysis showed that the overt form of peer victimization was explained by the control expression of anger, cooperation, sympathy, and enmity. The results also showed that the covert form of peer victimization was explained by the control expression of anger, sympathy, and enmity. In conclusion, sympathy of social skill was the most significant factor that affected the overt form of peer victimization and the covert form of peer victimization. Social skill will serve as the basic element to develop education programs to solve the problems of those who are victimization.