The Effect of Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on the Chromosomal Instability in Bleomycin Treated Fibroblast Cells

Bleomycin이 처리된 사람 섬유아세포에서 극저주파 전자기장의 효과

  • Cho, Yoon-Hee (School of Public Health, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Yang-Jee (School of Public Health, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Joong-Won (School of Public Health, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Gye-Eun (School of Public Health, Seoul National University) ;
  • Chung, Hai-Won (School of Public Health, Seoul National University)
  • 조윤희 (서울대학교 보건대학원) ;
  • 김양지 (서울대학교 보건대학원) ;
  • 이중원 (서울대학교 보건대학원) ;
  • 김계은 (서울대학교 보건대학원) ;
  • 정해원 (서울대학교 보건대학원)
  • Published : 2008.12.30


In order to determine the effect of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) on the frequency of micronuclei (MN), aneuploidy and chromosomal rearrangement induced by bleomycin (BLM) in human fibroblast cells, a 60 Hz ELF-EMF of 0.8 mT field strength was applied either alone or with ELM throughout the culture period and a micronucleus-centromere assay was performed. Our results indicate that the frequencies of MN, aneuploidy and chromosomal rearrangement induced by ELM increased in a dose-dependent manner. The exposure of cells to 0.8 mT ELF-EMF followed by ELM exposure for 3 hours led to significant increases in the frequencies of MN and aneuploidy compared to BLM treatment for 3 hours alone (p<0.05), but no significant difference was observed between field exposed and sham exposed control cells. The obtained results suggest that low density ELF-EMF could act as an enhancer of the initiation process of BLM rather than as an initiator of mutagenic effects in human fibroblast.

극저주파 전자기장의 노출과 여러 암 발생과의 연관성을 구명하기 위해 많은 연구가 이루어지고 있으나 아직도 결론을 내리기에는 논란이 있다. 본 연구에서는 극저주파 전자가장이 소핵, 이수성 및 염색제 재배열과 같은 염색체 손상을 유도하는지 여부와 bleomycin (BLM) 에 악해 유발된 염색체 손상 빈도를 증진시키는지 확인하기 위해 사람 섬유아세포에 BLM과 0.8mT 세기의 극저주파 전자가장을 노출시킨 후 micronucleus - centromere 분석을 수행하였다. BLM의 농도에 따라 소핵, 이수성 및 염색체 재배열의 빈도가 유의하게 증가하 였으며(p<0.05), 0.8 mT 세기의 극저주파 전자기장은 단독으로 사람 섬유아세포에 염색체 손상을 유도하지 않았으나, BLM에 의해 유발된 소핵과 이수성의 빈도를 유의하게 증가시켰다(p<0.05). 따라서 극저주파 전자기장은 단독으로 사람 섬유아세포에 유전독성을 일으키지 않으나 BLM에 의한 소핵과 이수성 빈도를 증폭하는 효과를 나타낸다.


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