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Analysis of Chemical and Meteorological Effects on the Concentration Difference of Photochemical Air Pollutants between Coastal and Inland Regions in Busan

부산시 해안 및 내륙지역에서 광화학 오염물질의 농도 차이에 영향을 주는 화학 및 기상조건 분석

  • Sang, Sang-Keun (School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology) ;
  • Shon, Zang-Ho (Department of Environmental Engineering, Dong-Eui University)
  • 송상근 (미국 조지아텍 지구대기과학부) ;
  • 손장호 (동의대학교 환경공학과)
  • Published : 2008.10.30

Abstract

The chemical and meteorological effects on the concentration variations of air pollutants ($O_3$ and its precursors) were evaluated based on ground observation data in coastal and inland regions, Busan during springs and summers of 2005-2006. For the purpose of this study, study areas were classified into 5 categories: coastal area (CA), industrial area (IA), downtown area (DA), residential area (RA), and suburban area (SA). Two sites of Dongsam (DS) and Yeonsan (YS) were selected for the comparison purpose between the coastal and inland regions. $O_3$ concentrations in CA and SA were observed to be highest during spring (e.g., 40 ppb), whereas those in DA and RA were relatively low during summer (e.g., $22\sim24$ ppb). It was found that $O_3$ concentrations in IA were not significantly high although high VOCs (especially toluene of about 40 ppb) and $NO_x$ ($\geq$ 35 ppb) were observed. On the other hand, the concentration levels of $O_3$ and $PM_{10}$ at the DS site were significantly higher than those at the YS site, but $NO_x$ was slightly lower than that at the YS site. This might be caused by the photochemical activity and meteorological conditions (e.g., sea-land breeze and atmospheric stagnance). When maximum $O_3$ (an index of photochemical activity) exceeds 100 ppb, the contribution of secondary $PM_{10}\;((PM_{10})_{SEC})$ to total observed $PM_{10}$ concentrations was estimated up to 32% and 17% at the DS and YS sites, respectively. In addition, the diurnal variations of $(PM_{10})_{SEC}$ at the DS site were similar to those of $O_3$ regardless of season, which suggests that they are mostly secondary $PM_{10}$ produced from photochemical reactions.

Keywords

Photochemical activity;Meteorological condition;Ozone;Secondary $PM_{10}$

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