Effects of Diaphragm Breathing and Garlic Powder Intake on Body Composition, Heart Rate, Blood Pressure and Immunoglobulin in Middle-aged Male smokers.

횡격막 호흡과 마늘 분말 섭취가 중년 남성 흡연자의 신체조성, 심박수, 혈압 및 면역글로불린에 미치는 영향

  • Choi, Seung-Uk (Department of Sports & Health Science, Taekyeung College) ;
  • Baek, Yeong-Ho (Department of Physical Education, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kwak, Yi-Sub (Department of Leisure and sport science Dong-Eui University)
  • 최승욱 (대경대학 스포츠건강과학과) ;
  • 백영호 (부산대학교 체육학과) ;
  • 곽이섭 (동의대학교 레저스포츠학과)
  • Published : 2007.09.30


The purpose of this study was to investigate combined effects of diaphragm breathing and garlic powder intake on body composition, heart rate, blood press and immunoglobulin levels in middle-aged male smokers from the age 40-49. Diaphragm breath training was 2-5 grade intensity on dyspnea scale for 20 minutes four times a week for 4 weeks and subjects were given garlic at 3 g of powder after breakfast and dinner two times a day during the 4 weeks. The conclusions of this study are as follows; Garlic intake group decreased in percentage of body fat, in the comparison between groups, garlic intake group had a lower percentage of body fat than control group. Heart rate was decreased in Diaphragm breathing group at rest. SBP was decreased in Diaphragm breathing+garlic intake group. Garlic intake group and diaphragm breathing+garlic intake group increased in IgG.


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