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Spatio-temporal Charge Distribution in Electric Double Layer Capacitors observed by pulsed Electro Acoustic Method

  • Sung, Youl-Moon (Department of Electrical Electronic Engineering, Kyungsung University)
  • Published : 2007.08.31

Abstract

The use of the pulsed electro acoustic (PEA) method allowed us to perform the direct observations of spatio-temporal charge distributions in Electric double layer capacitors (EDLCs) based on polarizable nanoporous carbonaceous electrode. The negative charge density became the maximum, about $205C/m^3$ at the region where was near to collector layer in EDLCs for case $V_{DC}=2.5V$, while the positively charged density became the maximum, about $61.1C/m^3$ at the region where it was located around the cathode layer. The performance of the best sample was found to be better in terms of the charge density (Cs) and specific energy ($E_s$) with a maximum value of ${\sim}8.4F/g$ and 26 Wh/kg. The $C_s$ obtained from the PEA method agreed well with that from the energy conversion method. The PEA measurement used here is a very useful method to quantitively investigates the spatio-temporal charge distribution in EDLCs.

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