Improvement of the EIA for Land Reclamation Projects in the Coastal Areas of Korea

해양매립사업 환경영향평가의 개선방안

  • 장주형 (국립수산과학원 해양환경영향평가센터) ;
  • 엄기혁 (국립수산과학원 해양환경영향평가센터) ;
  • 권기영 (국립수산과학원 해양환경영향평가센터) ;
  • 홍석진 (국립수산과학원 환경연구팀) ;
  • 박재현 (국립수산과학원 해양환경영향평가센터) ;
  • 김귀영 (국립수산과학원 해양환경영향평가센터)
  • Published : 2007.07.30


In Korean coastal areas, land reclamations are main development projects that should be based on environmental impact assessment(EIA), because those human interventions can change coastlines, damage tidal flats, and pollute adjacent areas to threat seafood safety and devaluate overall ecosystem service value. Existing procedures of the EIA for land reclamation projects were diagnosed and evaluated to enhance them. Problems were identified in the designation of survey areas, the consistency in survey sites and periods, the standardization of survey methods and reports, the confidence of survey results and the verification of predictions. Lack of integration was noticeable and could be improved by synthesizing different assessments from topography geography, marine physics, marine chemistry and marine biology. We suggest that successful precautionary marine environment management requires readjusting the cost of EIA, recruiting experts in marine environment, constructing database and establishing specialized assessment system.


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