Characteristics of daily mortality due to heat waves in Busan in July 1994

1994년 7월 부산지역의 폭염으로 인한 일 사망률 특성 연구

  • Lee, Dae-Geun (National Institute of Meteorological Research, Korea Meteorological Administration) ;
  • Kim, Jiyoung (National Institute of Meteorological Research, Korea Meteorological Administration) ;
  • Cho, Byoung-Cheol (National Institute of Meteorological Research, Korea Meteorological Administration)
  • Received : 2007.11.16
  • Accepted : 2007.12.31
  • Published : 2007.12.31

Abstract

This study aims to assess the impact of the hot summer weather on daily mortality in Busan. Daily total all-caused mortality in the entire population in Busan has been examined during 1991-2005. The daily deaths were standardized to account for the long-term trend in mortality and their seasonal and weekly cycles. We found the net increase (about 8.2%) of excess deaths during the extraordinary heat wave period in July of 1994. It corresponds to the excess deaths of 109.5 during the month. The abnormality of temperature extremes in July of 1994 and their impacts on human health were also investigated. Unusual heat wave appeared in the first ten days in July of 1994. The excess deaths are likely to be attributable to the record-breaking heat waves. The result suggests that unusual early heat waves would be dangerous, even for inhabitants who live in an acclimated region to the heat waves such as Busan.

Keywords

Heat wave;Mortality;Regional acclimation;Temperature extreme